Bibliography & Research Assistance


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1: The Need for Community Planning
2: The Beginnings of Today's Cities
3: Nineteenth Century Foundations of Canadian Communities
4: The Pioneering Community Planning in Canada, 1900-1950
5: Planning for the Exploding Metropolis, 1950-2000
6: Steps in the Plan-Making Process
7: Focus on the Physical Environment
8: Planning Regional and Metropolitan Communities
9: The Urban Community Plan Its Characteristics and Role
10: Planning for Canada's Small Towns and Northern Areas
11: Neighbourhood and District Plans
12: Planning Infrastructure Systems to Connect Communities
13: Planning for Diverse and Healthy Communities
14: Deciding Upon the Community's Plan
15: The Texture of Participation in Community Planning
16: Land-use Regulation Tools for Plan Implementation
17: Policy Tools for Plan Implementation
18: Epilogue



Chapter 1: The Need for Community Planning


Adams, Thomas, "What Town Planning Really Means," The Canadian Municipal Journal, 10 (July 1914).

Afshar, Farokh and Keith Pezzoli, "Integrating Globalization and Planning," Journal of Planning Education and Research 20 (Spring 2001), 277-280.

Blakney, John, "Citizen Bane," Plan Canada 37:3 (May 1997), 12-17.

CI. Jane Jacobs, comments at the 1960 Great Cities Conference in Boston, www.theatlanticities.com/arts-andlifestyle/2011/11/jane-jacobs-and-power-women-planners/502/

Canada, Advisory Committee on Reconstruction, Housing and Community Planning, vol. 4 (Ottawa: King's Printer, March 1944), Report of the Subcommittee.

Canadian National Committee for Habitat, The Canadian Settlements Sampler, (Ottawa: Community Planning Press, 1976), 14-43.

Carver, Humphrey, Compassionate Landscape (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1975), 90.

Castells, Manuel, "Planning in the Information Age," Plan CanadaM 40:1 (December 1999-January 2000), 18-19.

City of Burnaby, Social Sustainability Strategy, June 2011, http://www.burnaby.ca/assets/city+services/planning/Social+Sustainability+Strategy.pdf

City of Saskatoon, Community Vision: Saskatoon Speaks (Saskatoon, June, 2011).

Gabor, Andrea and Frank Lewinberg, "New Urbanism," Plan Canada 37:4 (July 1997), 12-17.

Gordon, David L.A., "A City Beautiful Plan for Canada's Capital: Edward Bennett and the 1915 Plan for Ottawa and Hull," Planning Perspectives 13 (1998), 275-300.

Gordon, David L.A. and Elliot Tasha. "Lost in translation: A Brief Comparison of Canadian Land Use Planning Terminology. Plan Canada 47: 1 (Spring 2007), 28-31.

Grant, Jill, "Rethinking the Public Interest as a Planning Concept," Plan Canada 45:2 (2005), 48-50.

Gurstein, Perry and Sylvia Vikhes, "The Just City for Whom? Re-conceiving Active Citzenship for Lone Mothers in Canada," Gender Place and Culture 17:4 (August 2010), 421-436.

Gurstein, Penelope, "Gender Sensitive Community Planning: A Case Study of the Planning ourselves in the Project", Canadian Journal of Urban Research 5:2 (December 1996), 199-219.

Hodge, Gerald, The Seniors' Surge: The Geography of Aging in Canada (Vancouver: UBC Press, forthcoming 2007).

Imrie, Rob, "Barriered and Bounded Places and the Spatialities of Disability," Urban Studies 38:2 (February 2001), 231-237.

Innes, Judith E., "Planning through Consensus Building," Journal of the American Planning Association 62:4 (Autumn 1996), 460-472.

Keough, Noel, "Calgary's Citizen-Led Community Sustainability Indicators Project," Plan Canada 43:1 (January-March 2003), 35-36.

Kumar, Sandeep and Bonica Leung, "Formation of an Ethnic Enclave: Process and Motivations," Plan Canada 45:2 (Summer 2005), 43-45.

Laird First Nation, Regional Treatment Strategy (Watson Lake Yi, 2010).

MacDonald, Kirsty, "Turning Alleys into Assets," Plan Canada 44:2 (April-June 2004), 48-51.

Mandarno, Lyn, Mahbubur Meenar, and Christopher Steins, "Building Social Capital in the Age of Civic Engagement", Journal of Planning Literature 25:2 (November 2010) 123-135.

Mehak, Mary Catherine, "New Urbanism and Aging in Place," Plan Canada 42:1 (January-March 2002), 21-23.

Newton, John, "Exploring Linkages Between Community Planning and Natural Hazard Mitigation in Ontario," Plan Canada 44:1(January-March 2004), 22-24.

Parr Hester and Ruth Butler, "New Geographies of Illness, Impairment and Disability," in H. Parr and R. Butler, R. eds., Mind and Body Spaces (London: Routledge, 1999), 1-24.

Qadeer, Mohammad, "Dealing with Ethnic Enclaves Demands Sensitivity and Pragmatism," Ontario Planning Journal 20:1 (2005), 10-11.

Qadeer, Mohammad and S.K. Agrawal, "The Practice of Multiculturalism Planning in American and Canadian Cities," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 20:1 (2011), 132-156.

Quick, Katherine and Martha S. Feldman,' Distinguishing Participation and inclusion," Journal of Planning Education and Research 31:3 (2011), 272-290.

Riesman, David, "Some Observations on Community Plans and Utopia," Yale Law Journal 57 (December 1947).

Roriz, Joachim Domingo, "Brasilia: A National Project for Development and Integration," Plan Canada 40:3 (April-May 2000), 16-17.

Rosenau, Helen, The Ideal City (London: Studio Vista, 1974), 12.

Sandercock, Leonie, Toward Cosmopolis: Planning for Multicultural Cities, (London: John Wiley & Sons, 1997).

Saunders, Beth, "View From The Forks: Coming to Terms with Perceptions of Public Participation," Plan Canada 38:2 (March 1998), 30-32.

Shipley, Robert, Visioning in Planning is the Practice Based on Sound Theory?" Environment and Planning A 34:1 (2002), 7-22.

Stephenson, Gordon, "Some Thoughts on the Planning of Metropolitan Regions", Papers of the Regional Science Association 4 (1958), 27-38.

Tyler, Mary-Ellen, "Ecological Planning in an Age of Myth-Information," Plan Canada 40:1 (December 1999-January 2000), 20-21.

Ville de Montreal, The Montreal Declaration on Women's Saftey, 2002, www.villemontreal.qc.ca and www.femmesetvilles.org

Wekerle, Gerda, "From Eyes on the Street to Safe Cities," Places 13:1 (Winter 2000), 44-49.



Chapter 2: The Beginnings of Today's Cities


Adams, Thomas, Outline of Town and City Planning (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1935), 47.

Benevolo, Leonardo, The Origins of Modern Town Planning (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1967), 59.

Blumenfeld, Hans, "Form and Function in Urban Communities," in Hans Blumenfeld, The Modern Metropolis, edited by Paul D. Spreiregen (Montreal: Harvest House, 1967), 4.

Fairman, H.W., "Town Planning in Pharaonic Egypt", Town Planning Review, April 1949.

Gerecke, Kent, "Patrick Geddes, a Message for Today!" City Magazine 10:3 (Winter 1988), 27-35.

Gutheim and Antoinette Lee, Worthy of the Nation: Washington, DC, from L'Enfant to the National Capital Planning Commission, 2nd ed. (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2006).

Hall, Peter, Cities and Civilization (London, Weidenfield and Nicolson, 1998).

Haverfield, F., Ancient Town Planning (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913), 25.

Jacobs, Jane, The Economy of Cities (New York, Random House, 1969).

Jacobs, Jane, Cities and the Wealth of Nations (New York: Random House, 1984).

Kostof, Spiro, The City Shaped: City Patterns and Meanings Through History (Boston, Little Brown, 1991).

Kostof, Spiro, The City Assembled: Elements of Urban Form Through History (Boston, Little Brown, 1992).

McCabe, Robert W., "Shops and Shopping in Ancient Rome," Plan Canada 19 (September- December 1979), 183-199.

Morris, A.E.J., History of Urban Form (New York: John Wiley, 1979).

Mumford, Lewis, The City in History, (New York: Harcourt Brace and World, 1961).

Rasmussen, Steen Eiler, Towns and Buildings (Cambridge, Mass.:MIT Press, 1949), 8.

Reps, John, Town Planning in Frontier America (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969), 41.

Smith, Adam, The Wealth of Nations, 1775.

Stalley, Marshall, ed., Patrick Geddes: Spokesman for Man and the Environment (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1972), xiii.

Vance, James W. Vance, The Continuing City (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990), 24ff.

Violich, Francis, Cities of Latin America (New York: Reinhold Publishing, 1944), 22.

Wycherly, R.E., How the Greeks Built Cities (London: MacMillian, 1962).



Chapter 3: Nineteenth Century Foundations of Canadian Communities


Adams, Thomas, Outline of Town and City Planning, (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1935), 275.

Addams, Jane, ed, Hull-House Maps and Papers: A Presentation of Nationalities and Wages in a Congested District of Chicago, Together with Comments and Essays on Problems Growing out of the Social Conditions (Boston: Thomas Crowell, 1896) and Twenty Years at Hull-House: with Autobiographical Notes (New York: Macmillan, 1910.).

Ames, Herbert B., The City Below the Hill, (Montreal: Bishop Engraving, 1897), 27-47.

Artibise, Alan, Winnipeg, A Social History of Urban Growth, 1874-1914, (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1975), 232ff.

Ashworth, William, The Genesis of Modern British Town Planning, (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1954), 49.

Berelowitz, Lance, Dream City: Vancouver and the Global Imagination, (Vancouver BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 2005), Ch. 5.

Blumenfeld, Hans, The Modern Metropolis, (Montreal: Harvest House, 1967), 27.

Burnham, Daniel H. & Edward H. Bennett, Plan of Chicago. (Chicago: Commercial Club, 1909).

De Soissons, Maurice, Welwyn Garden City: A Town Designed for Healthy Living, (Cambridge UK: Publications for Companies, 1988).

Denhez, Marc, The Canadian Home: From Cave to Electronic Cocoon, (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1994).

Deville, E., "Radial Hamlet Settlement Schemes," Plan Canada, 15 (March 1975), 44 (reprinted from Conservation of Life, April 1918).

Engels, Friedrich, The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844, trns. by W.O. Henderson & Witt Challoner, (London: Blackwell, 1958/1845).

Fischler, Raphael, "Development Control in Toronto in the Nineteenth Century," Urban History Review 36:1 (Fall 2007), 16-31.

Gentilcore, L. (ed.), Ontario's History in Maps, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984).

Godfrey, Charles M., The Cholera Epidemics in Upper Canada 1832-1866, (Toronto: Secombe House, 1968), 20.

Goheen, Peter G., Victorian Toronto 1850 to 1900, (Chicago: University of Chicago, Department of Geography, 1970), Research Paper 127, 84.

Gordon, David, "The Other Author of the 1908 Chicago Plan: Edward H. Bennett," Planning Perspectives 25:2 (2010), 229-241.

Hall, Peter & Colin Ward, Sociable Cities: The Legacy of Ebenezer Howard, (Chichester UK: Wiley, 1998).

Hall, Peter, Cities of Tomorrow, (London: Basil Blackwell, 2002), Ch. 1.

Harris, R. Cole, The Resettlement of British Columbia: Essays on Colonialism and Geographical Change, (Vancouver BC: UBC Press, 1997).

Hines, Thomas, Burnham of Chicago, Architect and Planner (New York: Oxford University Press, 1974).

Howard, Ebenezer, Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform (London: Swan Sonnenschien, 1898).

Howard, Ebenezer, Tomorrow: Garden Cities of Tomorrow (London: Swan Sonnenschien, 1902).

Hugo-Brunt, Michael, "The Origin of Colonial Settlements in the Maritimes," in L.O. Gertler (ed.).

Planning the Canadian Environmentfont-family:"Arial","sans-serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:#00B050">, (Montreal: Harvest House, 1968), 42-83.

Johnson, A.J.B., "From Port de Peche to Ville Fortifiee" The Evolution of Urban Louisbourg 1713-1858" in Aspects of Louisbourg (Sydney, NS: The University College of Cape Breton Press, 1995), 3-18.

Kalman, Harold, A History of Canadian Architecture, Volume 2, (Toronto: Oxford UP, 1994), 649-659.

Karr, Clarence, The Canada Land Company: The Early Years, (Ottawa: Ontario Historical Society, 1974), Research Publication No. 3, 24ff.

Lambert, Phyllis and Alan Stewart, Opening the Gates of Eighteenth-Century Montréal, (Montreal: Canadian Centre for Architecture, 1992).

Luka, Nik, "From Summer Cottage Colony to Metropolitan Suburb: Toronto's Beach District," Urban History Review 35-1 (Fall 2006), 18-46.

Marsan, Jean-Claude, Montreal in Evolution : Historical Analysis of the Development of Montreal's Architecture and Urban Environment, (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1990).

McCann, Larry D. and Peter J. Smith, "Canada Becomes Urban: Cities and Urbanization in Historical Perspective," in Trudi Bunting and Pierre Filion (eds.), Canadian Cities in Transition, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1991), 69-99.

McFarland, Elsie Marie, The Development of Public Recreation in Canada, (Toronto: Canadian Parks/Recreation Association, 1974), 14.

McKendry, Jennifer, "The Role of Cataraqui Cemetery in the Rural Cemetery Movement," Historic Kingston, 44 (1996), 3-9, 52. .

Meligrana, John (ed). Redrawing Local Government Boundaries: An International Study of Politics, Procedures and Decisions, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004).

Miller, Mervyn, Letchworth: The First Garden City, (Chichester UK: Phillimore, 2002).

Moogk, Peter, Building a House in New France, (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1971), 14.

Olmsted, Frederick Law, Mount Royal, (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1881), 64.

Peterson, Jon, "Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. and Frederick Law Olmstead, Jr: The Visionary and the Professional" in Mary Corbin Sies and Christopher Silver, eds, Planning the Twentieth-Century American City (Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1996), 37-54.

Plunkett, T.J. and G.M. Betts, The Management of Canadian Urban Government, (Kingston: Queen's University Institute of Local Government, 1978), 58.

Reps, John, Town Planning in Frontier America, (Princeton N J: Princeton University Press, 1969), 82.

Rutherford, Paul (ed.) Saving the Canadian City: The First Phase, 1880-1920, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1974).

Schuyler, David, The New Urban Landscape: The Redefinition of City Form in Nineteenth-Century America, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986).

Scott, Mel, American City Planning Since 1890, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969), 33.

Smith, J. Grove, Fire Waste in Canada (Ottawa: Commission of Conservation, 1918), 277-289.

Spragge, Shirley, "A Confluence of Interests: Housing and Reform in Toronto, 1900-1920," in A. Artibise and G. Stelter (eds.), The Usable Urban Past, (Toronto: Carleton Library, 1979), 247-267.

Stelter, Gilbert, "Guelph and the Early Canadian Town Planning Tradition," Ontario History, 77 (June, 1985), 83-106.

Stelter, Gilbert, "Rethinking the Significance of the City Beautiful Idea" in Robert Freestone (ed.) Urban Planning in a Changing World: the Twentieth Century Experience, (London: Spon, 2000), 98-117.

Taylor, John H., "Fire, Disease and Water in Ottawa," Urban History Review, 8 (June 1979), 7-37.

Vale, Lawrence J. and Thomas J. Campanella (eds.), The Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Van Nus, Walter, "The Fate of City Beautiful Thought in Canada, 1893-1930," in G. Stelter & A. Artibise (eds.), The Canadian City: Essays in Urban History, (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979), 162-185.

.Vance, James W., The Continuing City, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990), 200.

Ward, Stephen (ed.). The Garden City Past, Present and Future, (London: Spon, 1992).

Ward, Stephen, Planning the Twentieth-Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World, (New York: Wiley, 2002).

White, Richard, "Professionals before Professionalization: The Pre-Confederation Civil Engineers." Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine 24 (2000) 73-95.

White, Richar, "The Engineers' Engineer: Sir John Kennedy and the Port of Montreal," Scientia Canadensis: Canadian Journal of the History of Science, technology and Medicine 24 (2000), 73-95.

Whittow, John, "Disaster Impact and the Built Environment," Built Environment 21, no. 2/3 (1996), 81-88.

Willams,J, Rules and Regulations for the Conduct of Land Office Department (Quebec: Province of Quebec Land Office Department, February 17, 1789).



Chapter 4: The Pioneering Community Planning in Canada, 1900-1950


Adams, Thomas, "What Town Planning Really Means," The Canadian Municipal Journal, 10 (July 1914).

Adams, Thomas, Rural Planning and Development (Ottawa: Commission of Conservation, 1917), 66.

Adams, Thomas, "Editorial: Town Planning is a Science", Journal of the TPIC, 1:3 (April 1921), 1-3.

Alberta, An Act Relating to Town Planning, Statutes of Alberta, Chap. 18, 1913, Sect. 1(6).

Armstrong, Alan H., "Thomas Adams and the Commission of Conservation," in L.O. Gertler, ed., Planning the Canadian Environment (Montreal: Harvest House, 1968), 17-35.

Artibise & G. Stelter (eds.), The Usable Urban Past, (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979), 226-246. Carleton Library No. 119.

H. Bartholomew & Assoc. A Plan for the City of Vancouver, BC. (Vancouver: Vancouver Town Planning Commission 1929);.

Lance Berelowitz, Dream City: Vancouver and the Global Imagination, (Vancouver BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 2005).

Beer, G. Frank, "A Plea for City Planning Organization," in Report of the Fifth Annual Meeting, Commission of Conservation, (1914), 108-116.

Ben-Joseph, Eran and David Gordon, "Hexagonal Planning In Theory and Practice," Journal of Urban Design, 5:3,(December 2000), 237-265.

Bloomfield, Elizabeth, "Town Planning Efforts in Kitchener-Waterloo, 1912-1925," Urban History Review, 9 (June 1980), 3-48.

Bloomfield, Elizabeth, "Town Planning Efforts in Kitchener-Waterloo, 1912-1925" in A. Artibise & G. Stelter (eds.), Shaping the Urban Landscape, (Ottawa: Carleton University Press,1982), 256-303.

Bloomfield, Elizabeth, "Ubiquitous Town Planning Missionary: The Careers of Horace Seymour, 1882-1940," Environments, 17:2, (1985), 29-42.

Brennan, J. William "Visions of a ‘City Beautiful': The Origin and Impact of The Mawson Plans for Regina," Saskatchewan History, 46: 2 (Fall 1994), 19-33.

Bocking, Stephen,"Constructing Urban Expertise: Professional and Political Authority in Toronto, 1940-1970," Journal of Urban History 33(2), 2006, 51-76.

Canada, Commission of Conservation, Report of the Third Annual Meeting (1912), 141.

Canada, Commission of Conservation, Report of the Sixth Annual Meeting (1915), 271.

Canada, Federal Plan Commission, Report of the Federal Plan Commission on a General Plan for the Cities of Ottawa and Hull, (1915).

Choko, Marc H., Une cité-jardin à Montréal, (Montreal: Meridien, 1988).

Coutts, Sally, "Science and Sentiment: The Planning Career of Noulan Cauchon." Master's thesis, Carleton University, Department of History, 1982.

Cauchon's 1918 illustrated lecture on planning and his proposal for a federal district in Ottawa and Hull is available in the 1922 Federal District section of http://www.PlanningCanadasCapital.com

DeGrace, W. "Canada's Capital 1900-1950: Five Town Planning Visions," Environments 17, No. 2 (1985): 43-57 and K. Hillis, "A History of Commissions: Threads of An Ottawa Planning History," Urban History Review 21,.

Delaney, Jill, "The Garden Suburb of Lindenlea, Ottawa: A Model Project for the First Federal Housing.

Policy, 1918-1924," Urban History Review, 19 (Feb. 1991), 151-65. Federal Plan Commission, Report, 46.

Fischler, Raphael, "Markets, Politics and Social Science in Early Land-Use Regulation and Community Design." Journal of Urban History, 24:6 (September 1998), 675-719.

Faugier, Etienne "Automobile, transports urbains et mutations : l'automobilisation urbaine de Québec, 1919-1939" Urban History Review, 38 (1) 2010, 26-37.

Gallion, Arthur B., The Urban Pattern, (New York: Van Nostrand, 1950), 376.

Gagnon Robert and Natasha Zwarich; "Les ingénieurs sanitaires à Montréal, 1870-1945 : Lieux deformation et exercice de la profession" Urban History Review, 37 (1) 2008, 3-20.

Girard, Michel, L'ecologisme retrouve: Essor et declin de la Commission de la conservation du Canada. (Ottawa: Les Presses de l'université d'Ottawa, 1994).

Gordon, David, "A City Beautiful Plan for Canada's Capital: Edward Bennett and the 1915 Plan for Ottawa and Hull." Planning Perspectives, 13 (1998), 275-300.

Gordon, David, "Frederick G. Todd and the Origins of the Park System in Canada's Capital," Journal of Planning History, 1: 1 (March 2002), 29-57.

Gordon, David & Brian Osborne, "Constructing National Identity: Confederation Square and the National War Memorial in Canada's Capital, 1900-2000," Journal of Historical Geography, 30:4 (October 2004), 618-642.

Gertler,Len commentary on this issue in Wayne Caldwell (ed.) Rediscovering Thomas Adams: Rural Planning and Development, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2011) 207-11.

Grant, Jill, Leifka Vissers and James Haney, "Early Town Planning Legislation in Nova Scotia: The Roles of Local Reformers and International Experts", Urban History Review 40 (2) 2012, 3-14.

Greenberg, Kenneth, "Toronto: The Unknown Grand Tradition," Trace, 1:2 (1981), 37-46.

Harland Bartholomew Assoc., A Plan for the City of Vancouver, BC, (Vancouver: Vancouver Town Planning Commission, 1929).

Hodgetts, C.A., "Housing and Town Planning," in Report of the Third Annual Meeting, Commission of Conservation (1912), 136.

Hulchanski, J. David, "The Evolution of Ontario's Early Urban Land Use Regulations, 1900-1920," a paper presented to the Canadian-American Comparative Urban History Conference, Guelph, 1982.

Hulchanski, J. David, The Origins of Urban Land Use Planning in Alberta, 1900-1945, (University of Toronto, Centre for Urban and Community Studies 1981), Research Paper 119 .

Institute of Local Government, Queen's University, Single-Enterprise Communities in Canada (Kingston, 1953), A Report to Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 24.

Jacobs, Peter, "Frederick G. Todd and the Creation of Canada's Urban Landscape," Association for Preservation Technology (APT) Bulletin, 15:4 (1983), 27-34.

Johnson, David, Planning the Great Metropolis :The 1929 Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, (New York: Spon, 1996).

Johnston, Norman, "Harland Bartholomew: Precedent for the Profession" in Donald Krueckeberg (ed.) The American Planner: Biographies & Reflections (New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers CUPR, 1994),217-241.

Klaus, Susan, A Modern Arcadia: Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. & the Plan for Forest Hills Gardens, (Amherst MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002).

Korneski, Kurt "Reform and Empire: The Case of Winnipeg, Manitoba, 1870s-1910s" Urban History Review, 37 (1) 2008, 48-62.

Le Corbusier, The City of Tomorrow and Its Planning, (London: John Rooker, 1929).

Lemon, James, The Toronto Harbour Plan of 1912: Manufacturing Goals and Economic Realities, Working Papers of the Canadian Waterfront Resource Centre, Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront (Toronto, 1990).

Levin, Earl, "Zoning in Canada," Community Planning Review, 7 (June 1957), 85-87.

Linteau, Paul-André, The Promoter's City: Building the Industrial Town of Maisonneauve, 1883-1913, (Toronto: Lorimer, 1985).

Luka, Nik "From Summer Cottage Colony to Metropolitan Suburb: Toronto's Beach District," Urban History Review, 35:1 (Fall 2006), 18-46.

Jacobs, op. cit.; Cynthia Zaitzevsky, Fredrick Law Olmsted and the Boston Park System, (Boston:Harvard/Belknap, 1982).

Jacobs, op. cit.; Gordon, Todd op. cit.; McCann, "Planning and building" op. cit. ; Vincent Asselin, Frederick G. Todd Architecte Paysagiste: Une Pratique de l'aménagement ancrée dans son époque 1900-1948, (Unpublished thesis presented at Université de Montréal, Faculté de l'aménagement,1995).

Logan, Thomas H., "The Americanization of German Zoning," Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 42 (October 1976), 377-385.

Mawson, Thomas H., Calgary; a preliminary scheme for controlling the economic growth of the city, (London, T. H. Mawson & sons, city planning experts, 1914).

McCann, Larry, "Planning and Building the Corporate Suburb of Mount Royal, 1910-1923," Planning Perspectives, 11(1996), 259-301.

McCann, Larry, "Suburbs of Desire: Shaping the Suburban Landscape of Canadian Cities, 1900-1950," in Richard Harris & Peter Larkham (eds.), Changing Suburbs - Foundation, Form and Function, (London: Routledge 1999), 111-45.

Miller, Mervyn and A. S. Gray, Hampstead Garden Suburb, (Chichester UK: Phillimore, 1992).

Miller, Mervyn; Letchworth: The First Garden City, (Chichester UK: Phillimore, 2002).

Milner, J.B., "The Statutory Role of the Planning Board," Community Planning Review, 12:3 (1962), 16-18.

Milner, J.B., Development Control, (Toronto: Ontario Law Reform Commission, 1969), 12.

Montgomery, Lucy Maud, Anne of Avonlea, (Boston: Page, 1909), ch. 9.

Mumford, Eric, The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960, (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2000).

New Brunswick, An Act Relating to Town Planning, Chap. 19, 2 Geo. V, 1912, Sect. 1(I).

Parsons, K.C. "British and American Community Design: Clarence Stein's Manhattan Transfer, 1924-74" Planning Perspectives, 7 (1992), 191-210.

Perks, William T., "Idealism, Orchestration and Science in Early Canadian Planning: Calgary and Vancouver Re-Visited, 1914/1928," Environments, 17:2 (1985), 1-28.

Perry, Clarence, "The Neighborhood Unit," in Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs, Vol. 7 (New York, 1929).

Richardson, Nigel, "A Tale of Two Cities," in L.O. Gertler (ed.), Planning the Canadian Environment (Montreal: Harvest House, 1968), 269-284.

Richardson, Nigel H., "Canada in the 20th Century: Planning for Conservation and the Environment," Plan Canada, Special Edition (July 1994), 52-69.

Roden, Thomas, "The Housing of Workingmen," Industrial Canada, 5: 7 (1907).

Rutherford, Paul, "Tomorrow's Metropolis: The Urban Reform Movement in Canada, 1880-1920," in G. Stelter and A. Artibise (eds.), The Canadian City, (Toronto: Macmillan,1979), 368-392.

Sandalack, Bev and Andrei Nicolai The Calgary Project: Urban Form / Urban Life (Calgary: University of Calgary Press,2006).

Sert, J.L., Can Our Cities Survive? (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1943).

Sherwood, David, "Canadian Institute of Planners," Plan Canada, Special Edition, (July 1994), 20-21.

Sifton, Clifford, "National Conference on City Planning," in Report of the Sixth Annual Meeting, Commission of Conservation, (1915), 243.

Simpson, Michael, Thomas Adams and the Modern Planning Movement: Britain, Canada and the United States, 1900-1940 (London: Alexandrine Press, 1985).

Smith, P.J., "The Principle of Utility and the Origins of Planning Legislation in Alberta,1912-1975," in A. Artibise and G. Stelter, eds., The Usable Urban Past (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979), 196-225.

Spragge, Godfrey L., "Canadian Planners' Goals: Deep Roots and Fuzzy Thinking", Canadian Public Administration, (Summer 1975), 216-234.

Stein, Clarence, Toward New Towns for America, (New York: Reinhold, 1957), 19.

Stein, David Lewis, "The Commission of Conservation," Plan Canada, Special Edition (July 1994), 55.

Todd, Frederick G., Preliminary Report to the Ottawa Improvement Commission, Ottawa: OIC. 1903..

Van Nus, Walter, "The Fate of City Beautiful Thought in Canada, 1893-1930," in G. Stelter& A. Artibise (eds.), The Canadian City: Essays in Urban History, (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979), 162-185.

Van Nus, Walter, "Toward the City Efficient: The Theory and Practice of Zoning, 1919-1939," in A.

Ward, Stephen, Planning the Twentieth Century City: The Advanced Capitalist World (New York: Wiley, 2002), 26-31; 52-56.

Waver, John C., Shaping the Canadian City: Essays on Urban Politics and Policy, 1890-1920, The Institute of Public Administration of Canada, Monograph No. 1 (1977), 40.

Weaver, John C., "The Property Industry and Land Use Controls: The Vancouver Experience, 1910-1945," Plan Canada, 19 (September-December 1979), 211-225.

Weaver, John C., "Tomorrow's Metropolis Revisited: A Critical Assessment of Urban Reform in Canada, 1890-1920," in G. Stelter & A. Artibise (eds.), The Canadian City: Essays in Urban History, (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979), 393-418.

Weaver, John, "Reconstruction of the Richmond District in Halifax," Plan Canada, 16 (March 1976), 36-47.

Whitten, Robert and Thomas Adams, Neighbourhoods of Small Homes: Economic Density of Low-cost Housing in America and England, (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1931).

Wilson, William H., The City Beautiful Movement, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989).

Wolfe, Jeanne M., "Our Common Past: An Interpretation of Canadian Planning History," Plan Canada, Special Edition (July 1994), 12-34.



Chapter 5: Planning for the Exploding Metropolis, 1950-2000


Alexander, Christopher, A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977).

Allen,Max (ed.) Ideas that Matter: The Worlds of Jane Jacobs; (Toronto: Ginger Press, 1997).

Anthony Downs & F. Costa, "Smart Growth: An Ambitious Movement and Its Prospects for Success," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:4 (Autumn 2005), 367-81.

Ahn, Kun-Hyuck, Chang-Moo Lee," Is Kentlands Better Than Radburn? The American Garden City and New Urbanist Paradigms" Journal of the American Planning Association, 69:1 (Winter 2003), 50-71).

Arnstein, Sherry R, "A Ladder of Citizen Participation," Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35:3 (July 1969), 216-224.

Akins, Fiona and Joel Thibert, «L'empreint écologique comme critère de performance: Le cas du magasin MEC de Montréal,» Urbanité, (October 2007), 24-26.

August, Jim, "Partnership for Renewal: Winnipeg's Core Area Initiative," Plan Canada, 34:4 (July 1994), 80-81.

Bacon, Edmund, Design of Cities, (New York: Penguin, 1974); and Gordon Stephenson & George Muirhead, Kingston: A Planning Study, (City of Kingston, ON, 1961).

Banham, Reyner, Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies, (London: Allen Lane, 1971).

Barnett, Jonathan, An Introduction to Urban Design, (New York: Harper and Row, 1982). .

Barton, Hugh, C. Mitcham & C. Tsourou, Healthy Urban Planning in Practice: Experience of European Cities, (Copenhagen: World Health Organisation, 2003).

Benedickson, Jamie, Water Supply and Sewage Infrastructure in Ontario, 1880-1990s, (Toronto: Queen's Printer, 2002).

Berwick, Thompson and Pratt and Partners, False Creek Proposals, Report 3 (City of Vancouver, False Creek Study Group, September 1971), Part Three, "Patterns".

Birch, Eugenie, Radburn and the American Planning Movement: The Persistence of An Idea, Journal of the American Planning Association, 46:4 (October 1980), 424-431.

Blakely, Edward and Mary Gail Snyder, Fortress America: Gated Communities in the United States, (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution,1997).

Blumenfeld, Hans, "Some Simple Thoughts on the 'Energy Crisis'," Plan Canada, 20:3 (September 1980), 145-153.

Bowron, Beate and Gary Davidson, "Ecological Footprint and Land Use Scenarios: Calgary, Alberta," Climate Change Planning: Case Studies from Canadian Communities (Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Planners, March 2012).

Boothroyd, Peter, "The Energy Crisis and Future Urban Form in Alberta," Plan Canada, 16:3 (September 1976), 137-146.

Bourne, Larry, "Self-Fulfilling Prophecies? Decentralization, Inner City Decline, and the Quality of Urban Life," Journal of the American Planning Association, 58 (1992), 509-513.

Brendon, Casey et al, "Urban Innovations: Financial Tools in Brownfield Revitalization," Plan Canada, 44:4 (Oct.-Dec 2004), 26-29.

Bressi, Todd, The Seaside Debates: A Critique of the New Urbanism, (New York: Rizzoli, 2002).

Brown, David "Back to Basics: The Influence of Sustainable Development on Urban Planning with Special Reference to Montreal," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 15:1 (2006), 99-117.

Bunting, Trudi, Filion, Pierre and H. Priston," Density Gradients in Canadian Metropolitan Regions, 1971-1996," Urban Studies, 39:13 (2002), 2531-2552, Tables 1 and 5.

Calthorpe, Peter, The Next American Metropolis, (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1993).

Canada, Advisory Committee on Reconstruction, IV. Housing and Community Planning, (Ottawa: King's Printer, 1944), Report of the Subcommittee, 161.

Canada, Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Housing and Urban Growth in Canada, (Ottawa, 1956), 9.

Carson, Rachel, Silent Spring, (Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1962).

Carver, Humphrey, Compassionate Landscape, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1975), especially 49-57.

Cervero, Robert, The Transit Metropolis: A Global Inquiry (Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1998).

CMHC, Greyfield Redevelopment for Housing in Canada — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2011).

CMHC >Brownfield Redevelopment for Housing: Case Studies (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006).

CMHC, Transit Oriented Development: Case Studies (Ottawa: CMHC, 2010).

Choko, Marc, Une cité-jardin à Montréal. La cité-jardin du Tricentenaire, 1940-1947, (Montréal, Méridien, 1988).

CIP Healthy Communities Committee "Our 21st Century Challenge: Healthier Communities", Plan Canada, (Spring 2012) Vol. 52: 1,53-6.

Coleman, Alice, Utopia on Trial: Vision and Reality in Planned Housing, (London: H. Shipman, 1990).

Condon, Patrick Seven Rules for Sustainable Communities: Design Strategies for the Post-Carbon World (Washington, Covelo, London: Island Press, 2008).

Congress of the New Urbanism, Charter of the New Urbanism, (New York: McGraw Hill, 2000).

Cullen, Gordon, The Concise Townscape, (London: Butterworth, 1971).

De Sousa, Chris, "Brownfield Redevelopment in Toronto: An Examination of Past Trends and Future Prospects," Land Use Policy, 19 (2002), 297-309.

Dittmar, Hank & G. Ohland (eds.), The New Transit Town: Best Practices in Transit-Oriented Development, (Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2004).

Downs, Anthony, Still Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion, (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 2004).

Dramstad, W., J. Olson, & R. Forman Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning (Washington DC: Island Press, 1996).

Duany, Andres & Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk." The Second Coming of the American Small Town," Plan Canada, 32:3 (May 1992), 6-13.

Duany, Andres & Jeff Speck and Mike Lydon, The Smart Growth Manual (New York: McGraw Hill, 2009).

Ewing, Reid, "Is Los Angeles-Style Sprawl Desirable?" Journal of the American Planning Association, 63:1(Winter 1997), 107-126.

Frece, John" Preserving What's Best about Maryland," Plan Canada, 41:4 (October 2001), 21-23.

Filion, Pierre, "Towards Smart Growth The Difficult Implementation of Alternatives to Urban Dispersion," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 12 (2003), 48-70.

Filion, Pierre," The Smart Growth and Creative Class Perspectives versus Enduring Urban Development Tendencies," Plan Canada, 44:2 (April 2004), 28-32.

Filion, Pierre "The Mixed Success of Nodes as a Smart Growth Planning Policy", >Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 36 (2009), 505-521.

Filion, Pierre and Kathleen McSpurren, "Smart Growth and Development Reality: The DifficultCoordination of Land Use and Transport Objectives", Urban Studies, 44:3 (March 2007), 501-523.

Filion, Pierre "Urban Change on the Horizon? Smart Growth in a Recessionary Context", >Plan Canada (Spring 2010), 38-41.

Fischler, R.," Linking Planning Theory and History: The Case of Development Control," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 19:3 (Spring 2000), 233-241.

Flint, Anthony, Wrestling with Moses, (New York, Random House, 2009); Christopher Klemek, The Transatlantic Collapse of Urban Renewal, Postwar Urbanism from New York to Berlin (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press,.

Foot, David & Stoffman, Daniel. Boom, Bust and Echo 2000, (Toronto: McFarlane, Walter & Ross 2000).

Forman, Richard, Land Mosaics, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Fram, Mark & John Weiler (eds.), Continuity with Change: Planning for the Conservation of Man-made Heritage, (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1984).

Frank, Lawrence and H. Frumkin, Urban Sprawl and Public Health: Designing, Planning, and Building for Healthy Communities, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2004).

Frank, Lawrence James Sallis, et al., "Many Pathways from Land Use to Health: Associations between Neighborhood Walkability and Active Transportation, Body Mass Index, and Air Quality," >Journal of the American Planning Association 72:1 (March 2006), 75-87.

Frank, Lawrence Michael Greenwald, Steve Winkelman, James Chapman, and Sarah Kavage, "Carbonless Footprints: Promoting Health and Climate Stabilization Through Active Transportation," >Preventative Medicine 50, Supplement (January 2010), S99-S105.

Fraser, Graham, Fighting Back: Urban Renewal in Trefann Court, (Toronto: Hakkert, 1972).

Frieden, Bernard and Lynne Sagalyn, Downtown Inc., (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1989).

Gans, Herbert, "Planning for People, Not Buildings," Environment and Planning, 1:1 (1969), 33-46.

Gans, Herbert, The Urban Villagers; Group and Class in the Life of Italian-Americans, (New York: Free Press, 1962).

Garreau, Joel, Edge City: Life on the New Frontier, (New York: Doubleday, 1991).

Gerda L. Wekerle, L. Anders Sandberg, Liette Gilbert and Matthew Binstock, "Nature as a Cornerstone of Growth: Regional and Ecosystems Planning in the Greater Golden Horseshoe", Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 16:1 (2007), 20-38.

Gillmor, Don, "Wildwood Childhood," Canadian Geographic, (July/August 2005), 54-64.

Goldberg, Michael & John Mercer, The Myth of the North American City, (Vancouver BC: UBC Press, 1986).

Gordon, David, Battery Park City, (New York: Routledge, 1997).

Gordon, David, "Managing Change on the Urban Edge: Implementing Urban Waterfront Redevelopment in Toronto", in G. Halseth & H. Nicol (eds.) (Re) Development At The Urban Edge, (Waterloo ON: University of Waterloo Press, 2000), 175-226.

Gordon, David, "William Lyon Mackenzie King, Town Planning Advocate," Planning Perspectives, 17:2 (2002), 97-122.

Gordon, David, and Mark Janzen, "Suburban Nation? Estimating the size of Canada's suburban population" ACUPP/ Canadian Association of Geographers conference, Calgary, 2011; see also Trudi Bunting, Pierre Filion and H. Priston, "Density Gradients in Canadian Metropolitan Regions, 1971-1996," Urban Studies, 39:13 (2002), 2531-2552, Table 1 and Table 5.

Gordon, David and Ken Tamminga, "Large-scale Traditional Neighbourhood Development and Pre-emptive Ecosystem Planning: The Markham Experience, 1989-2001," Journal of Urban Design, 7: 2 (Winter 2002), 321-340.

Gordon, David & Shayne Vipond "Gross Density and New Urbanism: Comparing Conventional and New Urbanist Suburbs in Markham, Ontario," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:2 (Winter 2005), 41-54.

Gordon, David,.

Steven Fong "Planning St. Lawrence" in D. Gordon (ed.), Directions for New Urban Neighbourhoods: Learning from St. Lawrence, (Toronto: Ryerson SURP, 1990).

Gordon, Peter and Harry Richardson, "Are Compact Cities a Desirable Planning Goal?" Journal of the American Planning Association, 63:1 (Winter 1997), 95-106.

Gordon, David, "Reviving a Professional Journal", Plan Canada, (Summer 2010) Vol. 50:3, 12-14.

Granatstein, Jack, Marlborough Marathon, (Toronto: James, Lewis and Samuel, 1971).

Grant, Jill, "An American Effect: Contextualizing Gated Communities in Canadian Planning Practice", Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 16:1 (2007), Supplement 1-19.

Grant, Jill, K. Greene & K. Maxwell, "The Planning and Policy Implications of Gated Communities," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13:1 (Summer 2004), 70-88.

Grant, Jill "Fads, Fancies and F Form-Based Codes: 50 years of planning issues"; David Gordon, "Retrospective: CIP National Planning Awards"; Ian Skelton, "Retrospective: Plan Canada Feature Awards" Plan Canada, (Summer 2010) Vol. 50:3, 17-23.

Grant, Jill, Planning the Good Community: New Urbanism in Theory and Practice, (New York: Routledge, 2006),.

Grant, Jill and Leah Carson, "Privatizing the fringe: patterns of private streets in a slow growth region", Urban Design International, (2008), 253-262.;.

Grant, Jill and Andrew Curran, "Privatized suburbia: the planning implications of private roads", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 34 (2007), 740-754.

Grant, Jill and Katherine Perrott. 2009. Producing diversity in a new urbanism community: policy and practice. Town Planning Review 80(3): 267-289;.

Grant, Jill and Katherine Perrott, "Where is the Café? The Challenge of Making Retail Uses Viable in Mixed-use suburban developments", Urban Studies, 48:1 (January 2011), 177-195;.

Grdadolnik, Helena, "Woodward's Takes Shape: Nothing Like it in North America," The Tyee, May 11, 2006. (Available at www.theTyee.ca)

Greenberg, Ken, Walking Home:The Life and Lessons of a City Builder, (Toronto: Random House, 2011).

Pierre Filion, Robert Shipley et al, "Works Planners Read: Findings from a Canadian Survey" Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 16:1, Summer 2007,.

Gutstein, Donald, Vancouver Ltd., (Toronto: James Lorimer, 1972).

Hancock, Macklin, "Don Mills: A Paradigm of Community Design," Plan Canada, (July 1994), 87-90.

Harris, Richard, Creeping Conformity: How Canada Became Suburban, 1900-1960, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press 2004)..

Harris, Richard, Unplanned Suburbs: Toronto's American Tragedy, 1900 To 1950 (Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996).

Hellman, Claire, The Milton Park Affair: Canada's Largest Citizen-Developer Confrontation, (Montréal: Véhicule Press, 1987).

Hendler, Susan, "A Dammed-Up Reservoir of Ability: Women on the National Council of the Community Planning Association of Canada," Plan Canada, 45:3 (Sept 2005), 15-17.

Susan Hendler, "Contemporary Issues in Planning Ethics", Plan Canada 42:2 (2002), 9-11.

Jill Grant,"Understanding Ethics and Values" in Grant (ed.) A Reader in Canadian Planning: Linking Theory and Practice (Toronto: Thomson Nelson 2008), 75-9.

Hendler, Susan and Julia Markovich, ‘I was the only Woman': Women and planning in Canada,(Vancouver: UBC Press, forthcoming 2013).

Hess, Paul and Jane Farrow, "Walkability in Toronto's High-Rise Neighbourhoods", University of Toronto Cities Centre, 2010.

Hodge, Gerald, The Supply and Demand for Planners in Canada, 1961-1981, (Ottawa: CMHC, 1972),.

Hodge, Gerald Mohammad Qadeer and Godfrey Spragge from Queen's edited the journal from 1974-8, see Hodge, "Six Years in the Life of Plan Canada". Plan Canada, (Summer 2010) Vol. 50:3, 15-16.

Hodge, Gerald, The Geography of Aging in Canada, (Vancouver UBC Press, forthcoming 2007).

Hostovsky, Charles et al," The Natural Environment Systems Strategy: Protecting Ottawa-Carleton's Ecological Areas," Plan Canada, 35:6 (1995), 26-29.

Hough, Michael, Cities and Natural Process, (New York: Routledge, 2004).

Hulchanski, David, St. Lawrence & False Creek: A Review of the Planning and Development of Two New Inner City Neighbourhoods, (Vancouver: UBC Planning Papers no. 10, 1984).

IBI Group and Richard Soberman, National Vision for Urban Transit to 2020, (Ottawa: Transport Canada 2001), Ex. 1.1.

Innes, Judith," Planning Through Consensus Building: A New View of the Comprehensive Planning Ideal," Journal of American Planning Association, 62:4 (1996), 460-472.

Jacobs, Jane, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, (New York: Random House 1961).

Keating, Donald, The Power to Make It Happen, (Toronto: Green Tree Publishing, 1975).

League for Social Reconstruction, Social Planning for Canada, (Toronto: Nelson 1935).

LEED 2009 Green Neighborhood Development Reference Guide, (Washington, DC:U.S. Green Building Council, 2009). www.usgbc.org/leed/nd/

Lehman, Robert, "The 50 Year, 10 Million People Plan," The Ontario Planning Journal, 19:6 (Nov. 2004), 22-5.

Leung, Hok-Lin, "A New Kind of Sprawl (New Urbanism)," Plan Canada, 35:5 (September 1995), 4-5.

Leung, Hok Lin, Land-Use Planning Made Plain, 2nd Edition (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003), Ch.

Lister, Nina-Marie "Insurgent Ecologies: (Re)Claiming Ground in Landscape and Urbanism" in M. Mostafavi with G. Doherty (eds.). Ecological Urbanism, (Zurich: Lars Muller Publishers, 2010), 524-535.The Image of the City, (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1961).

Macdonald, Elizabeth, "Street-facing Dwelling Units and Livability: The Impacts of Emerging Building Types in Vancouver's New High-density Residential Neighbourhoods," Journal of Urban Design, 10:1 (February 2005), 13-38.

Magill, D.W., Africville: The Life and Death of a Canadian Community, (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart; 1999), 3rd edn.

Martin, Michael, "The Landscapes of Winnipeg's Wildwood Park," Urban History Review, 30:2 (2001), 22-39.

Matthew, Richard A. & Bryan McDonald, "Cities Under Siege: Urban Planning and the Threat of Infectious Disease," Journal of the American Planning Association, 72:1 (Winter 2006), 109-117.

McHarg, Ian, Design with Nature, (New York: Doubleday/Natural History Press, 1969).

Miron, John, Housing in Postwar Canada: Demographic Change, Household Formation and Housing Demand, (Kingston & Montreal: McGill Queen's UP, 1988), Table 1 and p. 168.

Morton, Brain "Oakridge Centre redevelopment plan sent for public comment: New proposal for retail site would add housing, offices, parks" Vancouver Sun, July 25, 2012.

Moore, Grant," Immigration: the Missing Issue in the Smart Growth Deliberations," Plan Canada, 44:1 (January 2004), 32-35.

Mumford, Eric, The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960, (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2000).

Mumford, Eric, Defining Urban Design: CIAM architects and the formation of a discipline, 1937-69, (New Haven CT: Yale UP, 2009), 149.

Newman, Oscar, Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design, (New York: Collier 1973).

Newman, Peter," Public Transit: The Key to Better Cities," Sustainable Cities White Papers, (New York: Earth Pledge, 2000).

Nowlan, David and Nadine Nowlan, The Bad Trip: The Untold Story of the Spadina, Expressway, (Toronto: New Press, 1970).

Oberlander, Peter and Eva Newbrun, Houser: The Life and Work of Catherine Bauer, 1905-1964, (Vancouver BC: UBC Press, 1999).

Ontario Economic Council, Subject to Approval, (Toronto, 1973), 50.

Ontario Professional Planners Institute, Healthy Communities, Sustainable Communities: the 21st Century Planning Challenge, (Toronto: OPPI, November 2007).

Punter, John, The Vancouver Achievement: Urban Planning and Design, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003.

Regent Park Collaborative Team, Regent Park Revitalization Study, (Toronto: Toronto Community Housing Corporation, 2002).

Rose, Albert, Problems of Canadian City Growth, (Ottawa: CPAC, 1950).

Rose, Albert, Regent Park; A Study in Slum Clearance (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1958).

Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront, Regeneration: Toronto's Waterfront and the Sustainable City, Final Report, (Toronto: Queen's Printer 1992).

Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront, Watershed: Interim Report (Ottawa, 1990).

Saia Barbarese Topouzanov architectes, Benny Farm Redevelopment Plan, (Montreal: Canada Lands Company, 2003).

Sauer, Louis, "Creating a 'Signature' Town: The Urban Design of Bois Franc," Plan Canada, 34:5 (September 1994), 22-27.

Scott, Richard," Canada's Capital Greenbelt: Reinventing a 1950s Plan," Plan Canada, 36:5 (Sept 1996), 19-21.

Sewell, John, Up Against City Hall, (Toronto: James, Lewis and Samuel, 1972).

Sewell, John, The Shape of the City: Toronto Struggles with Modern Planning, (Toronto: U of T Press 1993).

Skaburskis, Andrejs," New Urbanism and Sprawl: A Toronto Case Study" >Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 25, (2006), 233-248.

Skelton, Ian, " CIP and Affiliates by the numbers: The growth of professional planning institutions in Canada since 1967" Plan Canada, (Summer 2010) Vol. 50:3, 26-9..

Frank S. et al., eds., The Practice of Local Government Planning, (Washington: International City Management Association, 1979), 7-21.

Stephenson, Gordon, >On a Human Scale: A Life in City Design, (edited by C. DeMarco), (Fremantle,WA: Fremantle Arts Centre Press 1992).

Stephenson, Gordon, A Redevelopment Study of Halifax, Nova Scotia, (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1957); A Planning Study of Kingston, Ontario, (City of Kingston,1957; with George Muirhead); Urban Renewal London, Ontario, (City of London, 1960.

Stone, Leroy, Urban Development in Canada, (Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics, 1969), 39.

Spence-Sales, Harold, How to Subdivide for Housing Developments, (Ottawa: Community Planning Association of Canada, 1950).

Tachieva, Galina, Sprawl Repair Manual, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2010).

Tamminga, Ken," Restoring Biodiversity in the Urbanizing Region: Towards Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning," Plan Canada, 36:4 (July 1996), 10-15.

"The 20 Best North American Districts, Downtowns, and Neighborhoods," Making Places, November 2004, available at www.pps.org/info/newsletter/november2004/november2004_neighborhoods

The Editors of Fortune, The Exploding Metropolis, (New York: Doubleday, 1958).

Tomalty, Ray & Don Alexander, Smart Growth in Canada: A Report Card (Ottawa: CMHC December 2005).

Tomalty, Ray and Murtaza Haider, Comparing New Urbanist &. Conventional Suburban Developments in Canada.(Ottawa: CMHC, 2010).

Toronto, The Task Force to Bring Back the Don, Bringing Back the Don, (Toronto: City of Toronto, 1992).

W.L.M. King, Industry and Humanity, (New York: Houghton Mifflin 1918).

Wackernagel, M. & W. Rees, Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth, (Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers, 1995).

Waldheim, Charles (ed.) The Landscape Urbanism Reader. (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006); Julia Czerniak. CASE--Downsview Park Toronto. (Munich: Prestel 2001).

Ward, Stephen , Planning the Twentieth Century City, (New York: Wiley 2002), 219-224 and 288-294.

Webber, Melvin, "The Urban Place and the Nonplace Urban Realm," in M. Webber (ed.), Explorations into Urban Structure, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1964), 79-153.

Welbourn, Pamela and H Cleghorn, J Davis, S Rose, The story of Brownfields & Smart Growth in Kingston Ontario: From Contamination to revitalization (San Diego CA: Classroom Complete Press, 2009).

Werkele, Gerda and Carolyn Whitzman, Safe Cities: Guidelines for Planning, Design, and Management, (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995).

Wilson, J. and J. L. Grant, "Calculating ecological footprints at the municipal level: what is a reasonable approach for Canada?", Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 14:10 (2009), 963-979;.

Witty, David, "Healthy Communities, "What Have We Learned?" Plan Canada, 42:4 (2002), 9-10.

Wolfe, Jeanne, "Our Common Past: An Interpretation of Canadian Planning History," Plan Canada, 34:4 (July 1994), 23.

Wolfe, Jeanne, "Reinventing Planning: Canada." Progress in Planning, 57 (2002), 207-235.

World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future, (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1987), 43.

Wood, Lisa, Lawrence Frank, and Billie Giles-Corti, "Sense of Community and its Relationship with Walking and Neighborhood Design," Social Science & Medicine 70:9 (May 2010), 1381-1390.

Zacharias, John, "Pedestrian Behaviour and Perception in Urban Walking Environments," Journal of Planning Literature, 16:1, (2001), 3-18.



Chapter 6: Steps in the Plan-Making Process


Aberley, Doug, ed., Boundaries of Home: Mapping for Local Empowerment, (Gabriola Island, B.C.: New Society Publishers, 1993).

Alberta, Department of Municipal Affairs, Planning in Alberta: A Guide and Directory (Edmonton, 1978), 1.

Anthony Downs, "What Does ‘Smart Growth' Really Mean?" Planning, (April 2001), 20-25.

Chapin, F. Stuart Jr., Urban Land Use Planning, 2nd ed. (Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1964).

Congress for the New Urbanism. Charter of the New Urbanism. (New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1999).

Daigle, Andre & Daniel Savard, "Designing for Conservation," Plan Canada, 45:4 (Winter 2005), 27-30.

Downs, Anthony, "Smart Growth: Why We Discuss It More than We Do It, Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:4 (Autumn 2005), 367-378.

Dramstad, W. E., J. Olson & R. Forman Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land Use Planning, (Washington DC: Island Press 1996).

Duany, Andres & Emily Talen, "Transect Planning," Journal of the American Planning Association, 68:3 (Summer 2002), 245-266.

Filion, Pierre and Heidi Hoernig, "Downtown Past, Downtown Present, Downtown Yet to Come:.

Decline and Revival in Middle-Size Urban Areas" Plan Canada 43:1 (January 2003) 31-34.

Filion, Pierre, "The Importance of Downtown" Plan Canada, 46:1 (Spring2006), 31-33.

Forman, Richard, Land Mosaics: The Ecology of Landscapes and Regions, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Gabor, Andrea and Frank Lewinberg, "New Urbanism," Plan Canada, 37:4 (July 1997), 12-17.

Garreau, Joel, Edge City: Life on the New Frontier, (New York: Doubleday, 1991).

Gordon, David L.A. Gordon & Ken Tamminga, "Large-scale Traditional Neighbourhood Development and.

Grant, Jill, "Mixed Use in Theory and Practice: Canadian Experience with Implementing a Planning Principle," Journal of the American Planning Association, 68:1 (winter 2002), 71-84.

Greed, Clara, "Promise or Progress: Women in Planning," Built Environment, 22:1 (1996), 9-21.

Guttenberg, "A Multiple Land Use Classification System.".

Guttenberg, Albert Z., "A Multiple Land Use Classification System," Journal of the American Institute of Planners , 25 (August 1959), 143-150.

Hitchcock, John, A Primer on the Use of Density in Land Use Planning (Toronto: University of Toronto, Program in Planning, 1994), Paper No. 41.

Hodge, Gerald & Robert McCabe (eds.), "Land Use Classification and Coding in Canada: An Appraisal," Plan Canada, 8:2 (June 1968), 1-28.

Hodge, Gerald, The Seniors' Surge: The Geography of Aging in Canada. (Vancouver: UBC Press (forthcoming 2007).

Hodson, Brett & Lori Anderson, "Okotoks: A Made-in-Alberta Healthy Community, Plan Canada, 42:4 (Oct.-Dec. 2002), 18-19.

Hulchanski, J. David, Housing Policy for Tomorrow's Cities, (Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks, 2002), Discussion Paper F27.

Imrie, Rob, "Barriered and Bounded Places and the Spatialities of Disability," Urban Studies, 38:2 (February 2001), 231-237.

Jacobs Jane, The Death and Life of Great American Cities, (New York: Random House, 1961).

Jones, Ken & M. Doucet, "Big-box Retailing and the Urban Retail Structure: The Case of the Toronto Area," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 7: 4, (October 2000), 233-247.

Kumar, Sandeep and Bonica Leung, "Formation of an Ethnic Enclave: Process and Motivations," Plan Canada, 45:2 (2005), 43-45.

Lacombe, Real et al, "Villes et Villages en sauté au Quebec: un idée qui a porte fruit," Plan Canada, 42:4 (Oct.-Dec. 2002), 15-17.

Laplante, Martin, "A Simple Model of Urban Density," Plan Canada, 45:1 (Spring 2005), 23-26.

Leung, Hok Lin, City Images: An Internal View, (Kingston, ON.: Ronald P. Frye and Co., 1992), 271.

Newton, John, "Exploring Linkages Between Community Planning and Natural Hazard Mitigation," Plan Canada, 44:1 (Spring 2004), 22-24.

Ontario, Department of Municipal Affairs, Three Steps to Tomorrow (Toronto, 1972), 44.

Ontario, Royal Commission on the Future of Toronto's Waterfront, Watershed (Toronto: Queen's Printer, 1990).

Qadeer, Mohammad, "Dealing with Ethnic Enclaves Demands Sensitivity and Pragmatism," Ontario Planning Journal, 20:1, (2005), 10-11.

Regina and District Seniors' Action Plan Steering Committee, Seniors' Action Plan Report, (Regina: City of Regina, 2000).

Sale, Kirkpatrick, "Bioregionalism—A New Way to Treat the Land," The Ecologist 14:4 (1984), 167-173.

Sewell, John, The Shape of the City (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993).

Tamminga, Ken, "Restoring Biodiversity in the Urbanizing Region: Towards Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning," Plan Canada, 36:4 (July 1996), 10-15.

Tyler, Mary-Ellen, "Ecological Plumbing in the Twenty-First Century," Plan Canada, 34:4 (July 1994), 69-176.

Wekerle, Gerda, "From Eyes on the Street to Safe Cities," Places 13:1 (Winter 2000), 44-49.

Witty, David, "Healthy Communities: What Have We Learned?" Plan Canada, 42:4 (Oct.-Dec. 2002), 9-10;.



Chapter 7: Focus on the Physical Environment


Beauregard, Richard A., "Planning with Things," Journal of Planning Education and Research 32:2 (June 2012), 182-190.

Cherry, Nathan with K. Nagle, Grid/Street/Place: Elements of Sustainable Urban Districts, (Chicago: APA Planners Press, 2009).

Forman, Richard, Land Mosaics: the ecology of landscapes and regions, (New York: Cambridge University Press,1995).

Geddes, Patrick, Cities in Evolution, 3rd ed. (London: Ernest Benn, 1968).

Gordon, David L.A. & Ken Tamminga, "Large-scale Traditional Neighbourhood Development and Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning: The Markham Experience, 1989-2001," Journal of Urban Design, 7:3 (2002), 321-340.

Grant, Jill, "Rethinking the Public Interest as a Planning Concept," Plan Canada, 45:2 (2005), 48-50.

Grant, Jill "Mixed Use in Theory and Practice: Canadian Experience with Implementing a Planning Principle," Journal of the American Planning Association, 68:1 (winter 2002), 71-84.

Guttenberg, Albert, "A Multiple Land Use Classification System," Journal of the American Institute of Planners (August 1959), 143-150.

Hitchcock, John R., A Primer on the Use of Density in Land Use Planning (Toronto: University of Toronto, Program in Planning, 1994), Paper No. 41 thoroughly discusses this important measurement.

Hodge, Gerald and Robert McCabe, eds., "Land Use Classification and Coding in Canada: An Appraisal," Plan Canada, 8:2 (June 1968), 1-28.

Hough, Micheal, Cities and Natural Processes: A Basis for Sustainability,(New York: Routledge, 2004).

Hulchanski, David J., Housing Policy for Tomorrow's Cities, (Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks, 2002),Discussion Paper.

Jacobs, Jane, The Death and Life of Great American Cities (New York: Random House, 1961).

Jones, Ken & M. Doucet, "Big-box Retailing and the Urban Retail Structure: The case of the Toronto Area," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 7: 4, (October 2000), 233.

Laplante, Martin "A Simple Model of Urban Density," Plan Canada, 45:1 (Spring 2005). 23-26.

McHarg, Ian Design with Nature, (New York: Doubleday, 1969) 36-41.

Perlmann, Dan and Jeffry Milder, Practical Ecology: for Planners, Developers and Citizens, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2005).

Waltner-Toews, David, James Kay, and Nina-Marie Lister, The Ecosystem Approach: Complexity, Uncertainty, and Managing for Sustainability, (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008).

Tamminga, Ken, "Restoring Biodiversity in the Urbanizing Region: Towards Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning," Plan Canada, 36:4 (July 1996), 10-15.

Tyler, Mary-Ellen "Ecological Plumbing in the Twenty-First Century," Plan Canada 34:4 (July 1994), (Special Issue) 169-176.



Chapter 8: Planning Regional and Metropolitan Communities


Alberta, Department of Municipal Affairs, Planning in Alberta (Edmonton, 1978), 77.

Abercrombie, Patrick, Greater London Plan 1944 (London: HMO, 1945).

Blumenfeld, Hans "Metropolitan Area Planning," in Paul D. Spreiregen, ed., The Modern Metropolis (Montreal: Harvest House, 1967), 79-83.

Blumenfeld, Hans "Some Lessons for Regional Planning from the Experience of the Metropolitan Toronto Planning Board," in Modern Metropolis, ,88-92.

Canada, Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront, Watershed, 2nd Interim Report (Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services, 1990).

Canada, Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations, Recommendations, Book II (Ottawa: King's Printer, 1940), 75.

Canada, National Capital Commission, Tomorrow's Capital (Ottawa, 1974), 27ff.

Caldwell, Wayne J. and Claire Dodds-Weir. "Canadian Approaches to the Preservation of Farmland. Plan Canada 49:2 (Summer 2009), 17-20.

Cermakian, Jean "Geographic Research and the Regional Planning Process in Quebec: A New Challenge," Proceedings of the New England St. Lawrence Valley Geographical Society, 1984.

City of Ottawa, Ottawa 20/20: Environmental Strategy, October 2003.

Des Rosiers, François, Marius Thériault and Catherine Lavoie, "Retail Concentration and Shopping Center Rents: A Comparison of Two Cities," Journal of Real Estate Research, 31;2 (2008), 165-207.

Duany, Andreas & Elizabeth Plater -Zyberk, "Transect Planning," Journal of the American Planning Association, 68-3 (Summer 2002), 245-266.

Duany, Andres & Emily Talen, op.cit, Peter Calthorpe & W. Fulton The Regional City, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2001); Michael Leccese and Kathleen McCormick, (eds.) Charter of the New Urbanism(New York:McGraw-Hill 1999), especially Section 1 - "The Region: Metropolis, City and Town".

Dupras, Michel "The Necessity of Integrated Water Management in Quebec," Plan Canada, 40:5 (November/December 2000), 24-25.

Fletcher, Sharon & Christina Thomas, "Coping With Growth in the Regional Districts of BC," Plan Canada 41:4(Winter 2001), 16-18.

Fraser Basin Management Program, 2nd Anniversary Report, Vancouver, 1994.

Frankel, Stephen "Old Theories in New Places? Environmental Determinism and Bioregionalism,".

French, Austin and Hugh Millward, "The 2006 Halifax Regional Plan: Process and Overview," Plan Canada (Spring 2007) 47:1,40-43.

Friedmann, John, "Regional Planning as a Field of Study," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 29:3 (August 1963), 168-178.

Gertler, L.O. Regional Planning in Canada (Montreal: Harvest House, 1972), 86-96.

Gouvernement du Québec, Guide explicatif de la loi sur l'amanagement et l'urbanisme (Québec: Ministère des Affaires municipales, 1980).

Gordon, David L.A. & Ken Tamminga, "Large-scale Traditional Neighbourhood Development and Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning: The Markham Experience, 1989-2001," Journal of Urban Design, 7:3 (2002), 321-340.

Gordon, David, "Weaving a Modern Plan for Canada's Capital: Jacques Greber and the 1950 Plan for the National Capital Region," Urban History Review 29:2 (March 2001), 43-61.

Greater Vancouver Regional District, Livable Region Strategic Plan (Vancouver, 1996).

Hodge, Gerald & Ira M. Robinson, Planning Canadian Regions (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2001).

Hotovsky et al, Cf. Charles "The Natural Environment Systems Strategy: Protecting Ottawa-Carleton's Ecological Areas," Plan Canada, 35:6 (November 1995), 26-29.

Krushelnicki, Bruce A Practical Guide to the Ontario Municipal Board, (Toronto: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2003).

Lapointe, Francoisand Pierre Dubé, "A Century of Urban Planning and Building in Canada's Capital Region," Plan Canada, 40:3 (April/May 2000), 18-19.

McCabe, Robert W., Planning Applications of Retail Models (Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Treasury, Economics and Intergovernmental Affairs, 1974).

McTaggart, W. Donald "Bioregionalism and Regional Geography: Place, People, and Networks," The Canadian Geographer 37:4 (1993), 307-319..

Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto, Metroplan Concepts and Objectives (Toronto, 1976).

Mumford, Lewis, The Culture of Cities (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1938).

Nader, George The Cities of Canada, Vol. 2 (Toronto: Macmillan, 1976), 293.

Perry, John, Inventory of Regional Planning Administration in Canada (Toronto: Intergovernmental Committee on Urban and Regional Research, 1974).

Ontario, Department of Municipal Affairs, Choices for a Growing Region, a report of the Metropolitan Toronto and Region Transportation Study (Toronto, 1967).

Ottawa, National Capital Commission, Greenbelt Master Plan Summary (Ottawa, 1996), 19.

Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Greenbelt Plan 2005, (Toronto: OMMAH, 2005); Also available at http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_1_16289_1.html

Pross, A. Paul Planning and Development: A Case Study of Two Nova Scotia Communities (Halifax: Dalhousie University Institute of Public Affairs, 1975.

Reid, Evelyne Power and Maurice Yeates, "Bill 90—An Act to Protect Agricultural Land: An Assessment of Its Success in Laprairie County, Quebec," Urban Geography 12:4 (1991), 295-309.

Schwartzenberger, Stan "A Region of Watersheds," Plan Canada, 40:5 (November/December 2000), 23.

Schweitzer, Renate Banik- "The City as Form and Idea" in Eve Blau & Moniker Platzer eds., Shaping the Great City: Modern Architecture in Central Europe, (Munich:Prestel Verlag, 1999), esp. 78-86.

Scott, Richard "Canada's Capital Greenbelt: Reinventing a 1950s Plan," Plan Canada 36:5 (September 1996), 19-21.

Smith, Barry E. & Susan Hald, "The Rural-Urban Connection; Growing Together in Greater Vancouver," Plan Canada, 44:1 (Spring 2004), 36-39.

Wilson, James W. People in the Way (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 197.

Wight, Ian "Framing the New Urbanism with a New Eco-regionalism," Plan Canada 36:1 (January 1996), 21-23.

Wannop, Urlan The Regional Imperative: Regional Planning and Governance in Britain, Europe and the United States (London: Jessica Kingsley, 1995), 364.

Whyte Jr., William H.ed. The Exploding Metropolis. (New York: Doubleday, 1958).

Yeates, Maurice Main Street: Windsor to Quebec City (Toronto: Macmillan, 1975).



Chapter 9: The Urban Community Plan Its Characteristics and Role


Alberta Municipal Affairs, The Legislative Framework for Municipal Planning, Subdivision and Development Control. (March 2002), 2.

Badami,Madhave, "Urban Transport Policy as if People and the Environment Mattered: Pedestrian Accessibility the First Step," Economic and Political Weekly, XLIV:33 (2009), 43-51.

Berke, Philip D. Godschalk, & E. Kaiser, Urban Land Use Planning (5th ed.). (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2006).

Black, Jeremy Maps and History: Constructing Images of the Past (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997).

Canada West Foundation, "Lines in the Sand: Are Urban Growth Boundaries Effective?' Western Cities Project Update, June 2004; See also Smart Growth BC at www.smartgrowth.bc.ca

City of Ottawa, Ottawa 20/20 Economic Strategy. April 2003; Nick Novakowski and Remy Tremblay (eds.) Perspectives on Ottawa's High-tech Sector, (Brussels: Peter Lang, 2007).

Condon, Patrick and Kari Dow, "A Cost Comparison of Transportation Modes," Transportation 7:7 (2008).

Davis, Craig, Demographic Projection Techniques for Regions and Smaller Areas (Vancouver: UBC Press, 1995).

Discazeaux, Carine and Mario Polèse, "Comment Expliquer le Déclin de Montréal comme Centre de Transports Aériens: Une Question de Géographie Economique?" The Canadian Geographer, 51:1 (2007), 22-42.

Donald, Betsy "Economic competitiveness and quality of life in city regions: compatible concepts?" Canadian Journal of Urban Research,10:2 (2001), 259-274.

Duany, Andres & Elizabeth Plater -Zyberk, "Neighbourhoods and Suburbs," Design Quarterly, 164 (Spring 1995),10-23.

El-Geneidy, Ahmed, Assumpta Cerdá, Raphaël Fischler and Nik Luka, "Evaluating the Impacts of Transportation Plans Using Accessibility Measures: A Test Case in Montréal," Canadian Journal of Urban Research: Canadian Planning and Policy, 20:1 (Supplement 2011) 81-104.

Edensor, Timothy Deborah Leslie, Steve Millington and Norma Rantisi (Eds.), Spaces of Vernacular Creativity: Rethinking the Cultural Economy, (London: Routledge Press, 2009).

Faludi, Andreas "European Planning Doctrine: A Bridge Too Far?" Journal of Planning Education and Research 16:1 (Spring 1996), 41-50.

Florida, Richard The Rise of the Creative Class Revisited (Toronto: Basic Books, 2012).

Forman, Richard Land Mosaics: the ecology of landscapes and regions, (New York: Cambridge University Press,1995); and Urban Regions: Ecology and Planning Beyond the City, (New York: Cambridge University Press,2008).

Grant, Jill J. Haggett and J. Morton, "Planning for the creative economy: The live music scene in Halifax", Plan Canada (Summer 2010), 34-37.

Griffin, Stephen "Constitutionalism in the United States: From Theory to Politics," in Sanford Levinson, ed., Responding to Imperfection (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995).

Harris, Britton and Michael Batty, "Locational Models, Geographic Information and Planning Support Systems," Journal of Planning Education and Research 12:3 (1993), 184-198.

Hutton, Thomas The New Economy of the Inner City: Restructuring, Regeneration, and Dislocation in the Twenty-First-Century Metropolis. (New York: Routledge, 2008).

Iacono, Michael, David Levinson, and Admed El-Geneidy, "Models of Transportation and Land Use Change: A Guide to the Territory," Journal of Planning Literature, 22:4 (2008), 323- 340.

Jane Jacobs, The Economy of Cities (New York: Random House, 1969); and her Cities and the Wealth of Nations (Toronto: Random House, 1984).

Kent, Robert E.and Richard. E. Klosterman, "GIS and Mapping: Pitfalls for Planning," Journal of the American Planning Association 66:2 (Spring 2000), 189-198.

Kent, T.J.Jr., The Urban General Plan (San Francisco: Chandler, 1964), 99.

Neuman, Michael "Does Planning Need the Plan?" Journal of the American Planning Association, 64:2 (Spring 1998), 208-220.

Lachapelle, Ugo and Lawrence Frank, "Transit and Health: Mode of Transport, Employer-Sponsored Public Transit Pass Programs, and Physical Activity," Journal of Public Health Policy 30 (January 2009), S73-S94.

Laux, Frederick A., Planning Law and Practice in Alberta, 3rd edn. (Edmonton: Juriliber, 2002).

Lewis, Nathaniel and Betsy Donald, "A New Rubric for ‘Creative City' Potential in Canada's Smaller Cities" Urban Studies, Vol. 47 no. 1 (2010) 29-54.

Leslie, Deborah and Norma Rantisi, "Creativity and Place in the Evolution of a Cultural Industry: the Case of Cirque du Soleil," Urban Studies, 48:9 (2011), 1771-1787.

McDonough, Alexandra and Gerda Wekerle, "Integrating Cultural Planning and Urban Planning: the Challenges of Implementation", Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 20:1 (2011), 27-51.

Nishikawa, Nancy "Survey Methods for Planners," in Hemalata Dandekar, ed., The Planner's Use of Information (Chicago: APA Planners Press, 2003), 49-78.

Schiller, Preston, Eric Bruun , Jeffrey R. Kenworthy, An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation: Policy, Planning and Implementation (London: Earthscan, 2010).

Scott, Richard "Canada's Capital Greenbelt: Reinventing a 1950s Plan," Plan Canada, 36:5 (November 1996), 19-21; and David Gordon, "Weaving a Modern Plan for Canada's Capital: Jacques Gréber and the 1950 Plan for the National Capital Region," Urban History Review, 29:2 (March 2001), 43-61.

Skaburskis A and M. Moos "The Economics of Urban Land", in Filion, Bunting and Walker (eds.) Canadian Cities in Transition 4th edition, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2010) 225 - 247.

Ontario, Commission on Development Reform and Planning in Ontario, New Planning in Ontario, Final Report (Toronto, 1993) and Stan Clinton, "Changing Times: Newfoundland's Municipal Planning and Implementation Systems," Plan Canada 37:2 (March 1997), 18-20.

Polèse, Mario "The Arts and Local Economic Development: Can a Strong Arts Presence Uplift Local Economies? A Study of 135 Canadian Cities," Urban Studies 49:8 (June 2012), 1811-1835;.

Porter, Michael "The Competitive Advantage of the Inner City" Harvard Business Review May-June 1995: 55-71; Location, Competition and Economic Development: Local Clusters in a Global Economy. Economic Development Quarterly, 14:1 (2000),15-34.

Tamminga, Ken "Restoring Biodiversity in the Urbanizing Region: Towards Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning," Plan Canada 36:4 (July 1996), 10-15; and Charles Hostovsky, David Miller and Cathy Keddy. "The Natural Environment Systems Strategy: Protecting Ottawa-Carleton's Ecological Areas," Plan Canada, 35:6 (1995).



Chapter 10: Planning for Canada's Small Towns and Northern Areas


Alberta, Task Force on Urbanization and the Future, High River, Alberta (Edmonton, 1973).

Arendt, Randall, Rural by Design. (Chicago: American Planning Association, 1994).

Aubrey, Donald, "Principles for Successful Community Planning in Northern Native Communities," Plan Canada, 39:3 (July/August 1999), 12-15.

Ball, Jennifer, Wayne Caldwell, and Kay Pranis, "Using Circles to Build Communication in Planning." Plan Canada 47:1 (Spring, 2007,) 17-19.

Boothroyd, Peter, "To Set Their Own Course: Indian Band Planning and Indian Affairs," Paper Prepared for the B.C. Region, Indian and Inuit Affairs Canada, 1984.

Bryant, C.R., L.H. Russwurm & A.G. McLellan, The City's Countryside: Land and its Management in the Rural-Urban Fringe, (New York: Longmans, 1982).

Bryant, Christopher & Thomas Johnston, Agriculture in the City's Countryside, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992), esp. 137-189.

Caldwell, Wayne J., "Rural Canada: Designing a Desirable Future," Plan Canada, 32:4 (September 1992), 24-29.

Caldwell, Wayne J. & Michael Toombs, "Rural Planning, the Community and Large Livestock Facilities," Plan Canada, 39:5 (November 1999), 27-29.

Caldwell, Wayne J., "Rural Planning in Canada," Plan Canada, 45:3 (Autumn 2005), 25-28.

Calihoo, Christine, "The First Nations Comprehensive Community Plan Process: Potential Impediments to Success." Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 1-3.

Cambray, Corwin & Laurie McNab, "Agricultural Easements and the Niagara Tender Fruit Belt," Plan Canada, 35:2 (March 1995), 37.

CBC News, "Water Treatment Plant Too Small," October 27, 2005.

Chipeniuk, Raymond, "Planning for Rural Amenity Migration," Plan Canada, 45:1 (Spring 2005), 15-17.

Cities and Environment Unit, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Dalhousie University, First Nations Community Planning Model (2nd edn.), Halifax ,2003.

Cook, Jeffery Cf. "Building on the Traditions of the Past: The Rise and the Resurgence of First Nations CCP," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 13-16;.

Crawford, Paul, "Preserving Rural Character in an Urban Region: Rural Planning in the Township of Langley," Plan Canada, 33:2 (March 1993), 16-23.

Daniels, Thomas L., "Where Does Cluster Zoning Fit in Farmland Protection?" Journal of the American Planning Association, 63:1 (Winter 1997), 129-133.

Dennis O'Connor, Report of the Walkerton Inquiry, (Toronto: Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, 2002).

Dykeman, Floyd, "A Return to the Past for a Rural Community-Based Planning and Action Program for the Future: A Challenge for Planners," in F. Dykeman, (ed.), Integrated Rural Planning and Development, (Sackville, N.B.: Mount Allison University Small Town and Rural Research Program, 1988), 147-166.

Gallagher, Stephen, "Intergovernmental Community Planning: Sliammon First Nation and City of Powell River Experience." Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008). 35-38.

Gayler, Hugh J, "Planning Reform in Ontario and Its Implications for Urban Containment and Agricultural Land Use," Small Town, 26:4 (January-February 1996), 4-13.

Getzels, Judith and Charles Thurow (eds.), Rural and Small Town Planning, (Chicago: American Planning Association, 1979), 89-95; and Lane Kendig, Performance Zoning, (Chicago: Planners Press, 1980).

Graveline, Fyre Jane, Circle Works: Transforming Eurocentric Consciousness (Halifax Fernwood, 1998).

Greening, Hillarie and Neida Gonzales, "From Theory to Practice: Land Use Planning in the Gwich'in Settlement Area," Plan Canada, 39:3 (July-August 1999), 16-18.

Hahn, Alan J., "Planning in Rural Areas," Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 36 (January 1970), 44-49.

Halseth, Greg, "Community and Land-Use Planning Debate: An Example from Rural British Columbia," Environment and Planning A, 28 (1996), 1279-1298.

Hanna, Kevin S., "Planning for Sustainability: Experience in Two Contrasting Communities," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:1 (Winter 2005), 27-40.

Hodge, Gerald, Planning for Small Communities, A Report to the Ontario Planning Act Review Committee (Toronto, 1978), Background Paper No. 5.

Hodge, Gerald, The Elderly in Canada's Small Towns, (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Centre for Human Settlements, 1987), Occasional Paper 43, 14.

Hodge, Gerald, Seniors in Small Town British Columbia: Demographic Tendencies and Trends, 1961-1986, (Vancouver: Simon Fraser University Gerontology Research Centre and University of British Columbia Centre for Human Settlements, 1991), 10.

Hodge, Gerald, Managing an Aging Population in Rural Canada: The Role and Response of Local Government, (Toronto: ICURR Press, 1993).

Hodge, Gerald & Ira M. Robinson, Planning Canadian Regions. (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2001), 140.

Hodge, Gerald, The Geography of Aging in Canada. (Vancouver: UBC Press, forthcoming 2007)..

Jones, Margaret, The Community is Quite Capable, (Guelph, Ont.: University of Guelph School of Rural Planning and Development, 1985).

Jojola, Ted. Indigenous Planning An Emerging Context" Canadian Journal of Urban Research 17:1 Supplement (2008), 37-47.

Mah, Peter, "Changing the Dynamics of Rural Planning: A Rural Manitoba Planning Perspective," Plan Canada, 38:2 (March 1998), 25-29.

Mannell, Laura and Heather Temoway, "The Need to do More: Advancing Planning with First Nation Communties," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 21-23.

Mazzoni, Felice, "Ucluelet: The Little Town That Could," PIBC News, 43:2 (April 2001), 12-13.

McCardle, Kyra, "Rural" Planning in Urbanizing Region," Plan Canada (49:4 Winter 2009), 18-21.

Meligrama, John F., "Developing a Planning Strategy and Vision for Rural-Urban Fringe Areas: A Case Study of British Columbia," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 12:1, (2003), 119-141.

Naidoo, Nalini, "Touched by the North," Alberta Planning Digest, (March 2002), 14-15.

Newfoundland, Department of Municipal Affairs, Planning for Smaller Towns, (St. John's: Project Planning Associates, 1968), 23.

Nilsen, Erik Borre, "Rethinking Place in Planning: Opportunities in Northern and Aboriginal Planning in Nunavut, Canada," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 14:1 (2005), 22-38.

Peters, John, " Aboriginal Perspectives on Planning in Canada―Decolonizing the Process: A Discussion with Four Aboriginal Practitioners," Plan Canada, 43:2 (Summer 2003), 39-41.

Pfeiff, Margo, "Out of Davis Inlet," Canadian Geographic, 123:1 (January 2003), 43-48.

Pressman, Norman, Shaping Cities for Winter Climatic Comfort and Sustainable Design, (Prince George BC: Winter Cities Association 2004).

Ray, Rahul and David Harper, "The Path Forward: First Nations Land Use Planning as A Unifying Community Process." Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008). 43-45.

Reid, Evelyne Power & Maurice Yeates, "Bill 90—An Act to Protect Agricultural Land: An Assessment of Its Success in Laprairie County, Quebec," Urban Geography, 12:4 (1991), 295-309.

Rich, K. et al., "Location Vocation, Natuashish: Planning a New Aboriginal Community, Plan Canada, 37:6 (December 1997), 16-17.

Rothwell, Neil et al, Migration To and From Rural and Small Town Canada, (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, March 2002), Rural and Small Town Analysis Bulletin, 3:6. Cat. No. 21-006-XIE.

Sandercock, Leonie. "Commentary: Indigenous Planning and the Burden of Colonialism" Planning Theory and Practice 5:1 (March 2004) 118-124.

Smith, Barry E. & Susan Hald, "The Rural-Urban Connection: Growing Together in Greater Vancouver," Plan Canada, 44:1 (Spring 2004), 36-39.

Statistics Canada, Retail Store Survey 2003, Ottawa, March 30,2005, Cat. No. 63F0022XIE.

Standing Buffalo Dakota Nation Community Plan (Halifax: Cities & Environment Unit Dalhousie University, 2011).

Sweet, Pamela, "Sustainable Development in Northern Urban Areas," Plan Canada, 44:4 (Winter 2004), 41-43.

Urban Land Institute, Flexible Zoning: How it Works, (Washington, 1988).

Vias, Alexander C., "Bigger Stores, More Stores, or No Stores: Paths of Retail Restructuring in Rural America," Journal of Rural Studies, 20:3 (July 2004), 303-318.

Victoria Times Colonist, "Medical Officer Seeks Further Test of Wells," July 20, 2001, B1.

Walker, Gerald, "Networks and Politics in the Fringe," in Michael Bunce and Michael Troughton (eds.), The Pressures of Change in Rural Canada, (Toronto: York University Department of Geography, 1984), 202-214, Geographical Monograph No. 14.

Witty, David, "The Practice Behind the Theory: Co-management as a Community Development Tool," Plan Canada, 34:1 (January 1994), 22-27.

Wolfe, Jackie, "The Native Canadian Experience with Integrated Community Planning: Promise and Problems," in F. Dykeman (ed.), Integrated Rural Planning and Development, (Sackville NB: Mount Allison University Small Town and Rural Research Program, 1988), 213-234.



Chapter 11: Neighbourhood and District Plans


Arendt, Randall. Rural by Design: Maintaining Small Town Character (Chicago: APA Planners Press,1994).

Bell, Steven. "Prime Impacts: Putting Urban Design to Work for Changing Heritage Environments" Plan Canada, 47:1 (2007) 23-6;.

Bernick, Michael and Robert Cervero, Transit Villages in the 21st Century; (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997);.

Birch, Eugenie. "New York City: Super-Capital - Not by Government Alone"; Paul White "Paris: From the Legacy of Haussmann to the Pursuit of Cultural Supremacy" in Gordon, Planning Twentieth Century Capital Cities, chapters 18 and 4.

Bliek, Desmond and Pierre Gauthier, "Mobilising Urban Heritage to Counter the Commodification of Brownfield Landscapes: Lessons from Montréal's Lachine Canal," Canadian Journal of Urban Research: Canadian Planning and Policy, 16:1 (Supplement 2007), 1-20.

Bohl, ibid., Philip Walker, Downtown Planning for Smaller and Midsized Communities, (Chicago: APA Planners Press, 2009).

Breen, Ann and Dick Rigby, The New Waterfront: A Worldwide Urban Success Story (New York: McGraw Hill, 1996).

Budden, Sandra and Joseph Ernst, The Movable Airport: The politics of government planning, (Toronto: Hakkert, 1973).

Camus, Tera "Sydney's Toxic Woes Widespread," Halifax Herald August 6.

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, "Evaluating Arterial Road Configuration Options for a New Community," Research Highlights (Ottawa, March 2005), Socio-economic Series 05-008.

Chattopadhyay, Rupak& Gilles Paquet (eds.) The Unimagined Canadian Capital: Challenges for the Federal Capital Region, (Ottawa: Invenire Press, 2011).

CMHC; and New Housing and Airport Noise Handbook (Ottawa: CMHC, NHA 5185 81/05).

CMHC, "The Renaissance at North Hill, Calgary" Residential Intensification — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006).

CMHC," Olde Thornhill Village, Markham"; and "Lakeshore Village, Oakville" Greyfield Redevelopment for Housing in Canada — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2011.

CMHC, "Brandt's Creek Crossing", "Oliver Village"; "Wellington Square"; "Spencer Creek Village"; "Quai des éclusiers", Brownfield Redevelopment for Housing: Case Studies (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006).

CMHC, "The Renaissance at North Hill, Calgary" Residential Intensification — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006).

CMHC, "Harmony, Toronto" Residential Intensification — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006).

CMHC, "Garrison Woods, Calgary" Residential Intensification — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006); Czerniak. CASE--Downsview Park op.cit.

CMHC, "The Bridges, Calgary"; "Village de la Gare, Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec"; "Metropole, Ottawa";.

Condon, Patrick "The Headwaters Project—East Clayton Neighbourhood Concept Plan", Research Highlights 62488 (Ottawa: CMHC, 2001).

Curran, Andrew and Jill Grant, "Private Streets: A Survey of Policy and Practice", Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 15:1 (2006), Supplement 62-78;.

Czerniak, Julia. CASE--Downsview Park Toronto. (Munich: Prestel 2001).

City of Toronto Planning Department; CMHC, "Accessory-Apartments-Policy, Guelph" Residential Intensification — Case Studies, (Ottawa: CMHC, 2006);.

De Sousa, Christopher. Brownfields Redevelopment and the Quest for Sustainability. (London: Emerald Group Publishing, 2008); and "Brownfield redevelopment versus greenfield development: a private sector perspective on the costs and risks associated with brownfield redevelopment in the Greater Toronto area", Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 43, pp. 831-853.

Dittmar, Hank & Gloria Ohland. The new transit town: Best practices in transit-oriented development. (Washington, DC: Island Press; 2004);.

Duany, Andres & Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, "The Second Coming of the American Small Town," Plan Canada, 32:3 (1992), 6-13.

Dubé, Pierre and D. Gordon, "Special Issue: Capital Cities: Perspective and Convergence" Plan Canada 40:3 (May 2000).

Dunphy, R. T.et al. Developing around transit: Strategies and solutions that work. (Washington D.C: Urban Land Institute, 2004).

Edelson, Nathan "Inclusivity as an Olympic Event at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Games", Urban Geography, 32:6 (2011), 804-822.

Enright, Robert (ed.) Body Heat: The Story of the Woodward's Redevelopment, (Vancouver: Blueimprint, 2010).

Filion, Pierre. "The Importance of Downtown" Plan Canada, 46:1 (Spring 2006), 31-33.

Charles Bohl, Place Making: Developing Town Centers, Main Streets and Urban Villages, (Washington DC: Urban Land Institute, 2002).

Filion, Pierre and Heidi Hoernig, "Downtown Past, Downtown Present, Downtown Yet to Come: Decline and Revival in Middle-Size Urban Areas" Plan Canada 43:1 (January 2003) 31-34.

Filion, Pierre,H. Hoernig, T. Bunting and G. Sands, "The Successful Few: Healthy Core Areas of Small Metropolitan Regions", Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 70 (2004), 328-343.

Filion, Pierre, Trudi Bunting, Dejan Pavlic and Paul Langlois, "Intensification and Sprawl: Residential Density Trajectories in Canada's Largest Metropolitan Regions," Urban Geography, 31:4 (2010), 541-569.

Florida, Richard The Rise of the Creative Class Revisited (Toronto: Basic Books, 2012); cf Dialog Design.

Friedman, Avi & David Krawitz, "Retooling the Historic Neighbourhood of Le Village," Plan Canada, 42:1 (January-March 2002), 24-26.

Frieden, Bernard and Christie Baxter, From Barracks to Business: The M.I.T. Report on Base Redevelopment (Washington DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, 2000).

Friedman, Avi & David Krawitz, "The Development Process of Urban and Architectural Guidelines for the Rehabilitation of an Inner-City Neighbourhood: Le Village, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada," Journal of Urban Design, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 5-34, 2002.

Gilliard, Geoff. "Surrey Shifts Sustainability Status Quo with Neighbourhood Concept Plan," Plan Canada 43:1 (January 2003), 13-16.

Grant, Jill L. and Stephanie Bohdanow, "New urbanism developments in Canada: a survey", Journal of Urbanism, 1:2 (July 2008), 109-127.

Grant, Jill L."Theory and Practice in Planning the Suburbs: Challenges to Implementing New Urbanism, Smart Growth, and Sustainability Principles, Planning Theory & Practice, 10:1 (March 2009), 11-33.

Grant, Jill Planning the Good Community: new urbanism in theory and practice (New York: Routledge, 2006).

Grant, Jill. "An American Effect: Contextualizing Gated Communities in Canadian Planning Practice", Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 16:1 (2007),.

Grant, Jill. "The Ironies of New Urbanism", Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 15:2 (Winter 2006), 158-174.

Grant, Jill L. , Robyn Holme and Aaron Pettman, "Global Theory and Local Practice in Planning in Halifax: The Seaport Redevelopment", Planning, Practice & Research, 23:4 (November 2008), 517-532.

Grdadolnik, Helena "Woodward's Take Shape: ‘Nothing Like it in North America'," April 4, 2006 available at www.thetyee.ca

Greene, Katherine A & D. Kirsten Maxwell, "Taking Matters Into Their Own Hands: Traffic Control in Canadian Gated Communities,"Plan Canada, 44:2 (Summer 2004), 45-47.

Gehl, Jan Cities for People, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2010), William H. Whyte, City: Rediscovering the Center, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009). Whyte founded the Project for Public Spaces, which carries on his work at www.pps.org

Gordon, David (ed.) Planning Twentieth Century Capital Cities, (New York: Routledge, 2006), Ch. 11.

Gordon, David L.A. "Implementing Urban Waterfront Redevelopment", Remaking the Urban Waterfront, (Washington DC: Urban Land Institute, 2004), 80-99.

Gordon, David and Mark Janzen, "Suburban Nation? Estimating the size of Canada's suburban population" ACUPP/ Canadian Association of Geographers conference, Calgary, 2011.

Gordon, David & Shayne Vipond "Gross Density and New Urbanism: Comparing Conventional and New Urbanist Suburbs in Markham, Ontario," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:2 (Winter 2005), 41-54.

Gordon, David L.A "Planning, Design and Managing Change in Urban Waterfront Redevelopment," Town Planning Review 67:3 (1996), 261-290.

Grammenos, Fanis, Barry Craig, Douglas Pollard & Carla Guerrera,"Hippodamus Rides to Radburn: A New Model for the 21st Century" Journal of Urban Design, Volume 13:2, (2008).

Gregory, Michelle, "Planning and Zoning for Medical Districts" Zoning News, (Chicago: American) Planning Association, March 1994).

Hayek, Michael Godwin Arku and Jason Gilliland, "Assessing London, Ontario's brownfield.

redevelopment effort to promote urban intensification", Local Environment, 15:4 (April 2010), 389-402.

Hayek, M., M. Novak, G. Arku and J. Gilliland, "Mapping Industrial Legacies: Building a Comprehensive.

Brownfield Database in Geographic Information Systems", Planning Practice & Research, 25:4 (August.

2010), 461-475.

Paul Hess, "Fronts and Backs: the use of streets, yards and alleys in Toronto are New Urbanist neighbourhoods" Journal of Planning Education and Research, Winter 2008, 28:2 (2008), 196-212.

Horny, Charlotte. "Les débuts d'une mutation? Le métro à Laval," Urbanité, (Spring 2010), 10-11.

Hough,Michael Cities and Natural Process, (New York: Routledge, 2004).

Kaganova, Olga and James McKellar (eds.) Managing Government Property Assets: International Experiences (Washington DC: Urban Institute 2006).

Kasarda, John. Aerotropolis:The Way We'll Live Next, (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011);.

Lamey, Mary "Vision for Future Pays Off," The Gazette, Montreal, October 15, 2005; www.clc.ca/success-story/benny-farm.

Laterreur, Isabelle and Marlène Schwartz, "Le Plateau-Mont-Royal: Une approche paysagère du patrimoine urbain" Urbanité, (June 2008), 38-39;.

Lefebvre, Christiane and Eve Wertheimer, "An Indispensable Reference for Heritage Conservation" Plan Canada 46:1 (Spring 2006) 41-3.

Louis, Sauer, "Creating a 'Signature' Town: The Urban Design of Bois Franc," Plan Canada, 34:5 (September 1994), 22-27.

Lynch, Kevin and Gary Hack, Site Planning, 3rd ed. (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1984.

Martz, Wendelyn Neighborhood-Based Planning, (Chicago: American Planning Association, 1995) Planning Advisory Service Report No. 455.

Marsan, Jean-Claude "Arrondissement historique et naturel du Mont-Royal: Le déni de l'appropriation populaire," Urbanité, (Winter 2011), 48.

McIlroy, Brook and City of Toronto Planning Dept., Avenues and Mid-Rise Buildings Study, (City of Toronto, 2011).

Metrolinx and IBI Group, Mobility Hub Guidelines, (Toronto: Metrolinx, 2011).

Miller, Richard and Earl Swensson, Hospital and Healthcare Facility Design (New York, Norton, 2002);.

Moore Milroy, Beth. Thinking Planning and Urbanism (Vancouver BC: UBC Press, 2009).

National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy, cited in David Adams, Christopher De Sousa and Steven Tiesdell, "Brownfield Development: A Comparison of North American and British Practices", Urban Studies, 47:1 (January 2010), 75-104.

North Vancouver, British Columbia, Transit Oriented Development: Case Studies", (Ottawa: CMHC, 2010).

Ontario, Department of Municipal Affairs, Three Steps to Tomorrow (Toronto, 1972), 44.

PricewaterhouseCoopers, Greyfields into Goldfields: Dead Malls Become Living Neighborhoods, (San Francisco, Congress for New Urbanism, 2002).

Risser Getson, Heather-Anne. "Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, World Heritage Site - Would We Do It Again?" Plan Canada 43:2 (2003) 26-28.

Shipley, Robert Kayla Jones and Jason F. Kovacs, "Heritage Conservation Districts Work: Evidence from the Province of Ontario", Urban Affairs Review, 47:5 (2011), 611-641.

Shipley, Robert and Robert Feick, "A Practical Approach for Evaluating Cultural Heritage Landscapes: Lessons from Rural Ontario," Planning, Practice & Research, 24:4 (November 2009), 455-469.

Tachieva, Galina, The Sprawl Repair Manual, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2010); and Ellen Dunham-Jones and June Williamson, Retrofitting Suburbia: Urban Design Solutions for Redesigning Suburbs, (New York: Wiley, 2011).

Tachieva, Sprawl Repair Manual.; Dunham-Jones and Williamson, Retrofitting Suburbia;and Congress for New Urbanism , Malls into Mainstreets, (San Francisco, CNU, 2005.

Tomalty, Ray & Murtaza Haider, Comparing New Urbanist &. Conventional Suburban Developments in Canada.(Ottawa: CMHC, 2010).

Tomalty & Haider, Comparing New Urbanist &. Conventional Suburban Developments.; David Couroux, Noel Keough, Byron Miller and Jesse Row "Toward Smart Growth in Calgary: Overcoming Barriers to Sustainable Urban Development," (Calgary: Sustainable Calgary, 2006);.

Urban Strategies, Transit-Supportive Guidelines, (Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Transportation, 2011).

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Turning bases into great places: new life for closed military facilities, (Washington DC: EPA, 2006.

Vale, Lawrence. Architecture, Power and National Identity, (London: Routledge, 2008); David Gordon, "Culture and Capital Cities" in Javier Monclús (ed.) Culture, Urbanism and Planning, (London: Ashgate; 2007);.

Vale, Architecture, Power and National Identity..

Wells, Alexander. Airport Planning and Management, (New York: McGraw Hill, 2004).

Welbourn, Pamela,H Cleghorn, J Davis, S Rose, The Story of Brownfields & Smart Growth in Kingston Ontario: From contamination to revitalization (San Diego CA: Classroom Complete Press, 2009.

Ian Wight, "New Urbanism vs. Conventional Suburbanism," Plan Canada, 35:5 (1995), 3-4.

Zaitzevsky, Cynthia. Frederick Law Olmsted and the Boston Park System, (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1982).



Chapter 12: Planning Infrastructure Systems to Connect Communities


Appleyard, Bruce "Bicycle and pedestrian planning" in Gary Hack, Eugénie Birch, Paul Sedway, Mitchell Silver (Eds), Local Planning: Contemporary Principles and Practice, (Washington, DC: ICMA, 2009) 366-74.

Agarwal, Ajay and Genevieve Giuliano. "Public Transit as a Metropolitan Growth and Development Strategy: in H. Wolman, N. Pindus, and H. Wial (editors) Urban and Regional Policy and Its Effects Vol. 3 (Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution, 2010).

Arnold, C. L andJ. Gibbons,. Impervious Surface Coverage: The Emergence of a Key Environmental Indicator. Journal of the American Planning Association 62:2 (1996), 243-259.

Badami, Madhav. "Urban Transport Policy as if People and the Environment Mattered: Pedestrian Accessibility the First Step," Economic and Political Weekly, XLIV:33 (2009), 43-51.

Berk, Mia. "On-Street Bikeways" in Frederick Steiner and Kent Butler (eds.), Planning and Urban Design Standards: Student Edition, (New York: Wiley, 2007); and Girling and Kellett, Skinny Streets Ch. 4..

Benedickson, Jamie Water Supply and Sewage Infrastructure in Ontario, 1880-1990s, (Toronto: Queen's Printer, 2002);.

Blumenberg, Evelyn "En-gendering effective planning: Spatial mismatch, low-income women, and transportation policy" Journal of the American Planning Association 70 3 (2004) 69-281.

Blumenfeld, Hans, "Some Simple Thoughts on the 'Energy Crisis'" Plan Canada, 20:3 (September 1980), 145-153..

Benedict, Mark and Edward McMahon, Green Infrastructure: Linking Landscapes and Communities, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2006).

Boarnet, Marlon and Randy Crane, Travel by Design: The Influence of Urban Form on Travel, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).

Bosselmann, Peter Urban Transformation: Understanding City Design and Form, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2008).

Braaksma, J.P.& Associates, "Reclaiming the Streets: Setting the Stage for a Traffic Calming Policy in Ottawa," (City of Ottawa, 1995).

Brown, Paul, "Infrastructure Planning" in Hack et al, Local Planning, 356-9.

Cao, Xinyu. Patricia Mokhtarian & Susan Handy, "Neighborhood design and the accessibility of the elderly: An empirical analysis in northern California," International Journal of Sustainable Transportation 4:6 (2010) 347-371.

Chan, Chee, "A Comparative Analysis of The McGill University Health Centre Glen Campus and the Proposed Université de Montréal Campus Developments", McGill University CURA Working Paper WP08-02E, May 2008.

Citizens Advocating Responsible Transportation, Traffic Calming: The Solution to Urban Traffic and a New Vision of Neighbourhood Livability (Angrove Q., Australia, 1989).

Citizens Advocating Responsible Transportation, 18-19; see also Donald Appleyard, Livable Streets, (Berkeley CA: University of California Press, 1981).

Clandfield, David and George Martell (eds.), The School as Community Hub: Beyond Education's Iron Cage, (Toronto: The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, 2010);.

Congress of the New Urbanism, Charter of the New Urbanism, (New York: McGraw Hill, 2000).

Daniels, Tom and Katherine Daniels, The Environmental Planning Handbook for Sustainable Communities and Regions, (Chicago: APA Planners Press, 2003).

Daniels and Daniels, Environmental Planning Handbook.

Deka, Devaiyoti. "Social and environmental justice issues in urban transportation" in Susan Hanson & Genevieve Giuliano (eds) The Geography of Urban Transportation. (New York, Guilford Press, 2004).

Downs, Anthony Still Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion (Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 2004) Donald Shoup, The High Cost of Free Parking, (Chicago: American Planning Association, 2005).

Durley, J. "Linking Integrated Sustainability Planning and Watershed Planning in Ontario, Canada" Environments, Vol. 35:1 (2007) 57-76.

Dunne, Thomas and Luna Leopold, Water in Environmental Planning, (New York: Freeman, 1978).

Duany, Andres Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk and Jeff Speck, Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream, (New York: North Point Press, 2001).

El-Geneidy, Ahmed, Assumpta Cerdá, Raphaël Fischler and Nik Luka, "Evaluating the Impacts of Transportation Plans Using Accessibility Measures: A Test Case in Montréal," Canadian Journal of Urban Research: Canadian Planning and Policy, 20:1 (Supplement 2011) 81-104.

Ewing, Reid and Robert Cervero "Travel and the built environment: A meta-analysis," Journal of the American Planning Association 76:3 (2010) 1-30.

Ewing, Reid Traffic Calming: State of the Practice, (Washington DC: Institute of Transportation Engineers, 1999).

Faulkner, G.E.J., R.N. Buliung, P.K. Flora, & C. Fusco, "Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: A systematic review". Preventive Medicine, 48, (2009) 3-8.

Filion, Pierre. K. McSpurren and B. Appleby "Wasted density? The impact of Toronto's residential-density-distribution policies on public-transit use and walking," Environment and Planning A 38 (2006) 1367 -1392.

Filion, Pierre "The Mixed Success of Nodes as a Smart Growth Planning Policy", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 36 (2009), 505-521.

Filion, Pierre "The Mixed Success of Nodes as a Smart Growth Planning Policy", Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 36 (2009), 505-521.

Filion, Pierre and Kathleen McSpurren, "Smart Growth and Development Reality: The Difficult Coordination of Land Use and Transport Objectives", Urban Studies, 44:3 (March 2007.

Fischler, Raphaël "What Sort of Problem is the Replanning of the Turcot Interchange?", in Pierre Gauthier, Jochen Jaeger and Jason Prince (Eds.), Montréal at the Crossroads: Superhighways, the Turcot and the Environment, (Montréal: Black Rose Books, 2009), 79-89.

Gehl, Jan. Cities for People, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2010).

Girling, Cynthia and Ron Kellett, Skinny Streets and Green Neighborhoods: Design for Environment and Community, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2005), Ch. 6, "Green Fabric".

Godschalk, David. "Build-out Analysis: A Valuable Planning and Hazard Mitigation Tool" Zoning Practice, (2006) 3.

Gold, Seymour."Non-use of Neighbourhood Parks" Journal of the American Institute of Planners, Vol. 38:6 (1972), 6: 369-86..

Gordon, David. "Frederick G. Todd and the Origins of the Park System in Canada's Capital," Journal of Planning History, 1: 1 (March 2002), 29-57.

Gordon, David, "'School desert' would doom inner city" Kingston Whig Standard, May 10, 2012.

Grammenos, Fanis Barry Craig, Douglas Pollard & Carla Guerrera, "Hippodamus Rides to Radburn: A New Model for the 21st Century" Journal of Urban Design, Volume 13:2, (2008), 163-176.

Grammenos, Fanis, "Stratford Leads the Way to a New Model of Suburban Development," Plan Canada, 45:1 (Spring 2005), 20-22.

Handy, Susan, Kent Butler and Robert Paterson. Planning for Street Connectivity. (Chicago: American Planning Association, 2003) PAS Report 515.

Handy, Susan "Twelve ideas for improving mobility" in Hack, et al Local Planning, 364-66.

Herring, Richard, "Medical Facilities" in Steiner and Butler, Planning and Urban Design Standards, 138-141..

Hess, Paul and Jane Farrow, "Walkability in Toronto's High-Rise Neighbourhoods",(University of Toronto, 2011).

Hoag, Hannah. "Ontario: Messages from MaRS: Nature Vol. 434: 7033 (2005) 676-7.

Hough, Michael. Cities and Natural Process: A Basis for Sustainability, (New York: Routledge, 2004).

Hoyle, Cynthia. Traffic Calming, (Chicago: American Planning Association) PAS Report 456;.

Institute of Transportation Engineers, Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares: A Context Sensitive Approach, (Washington DC: ITE, 2010);.

Girling and Kellett, Skinny StreetsCh.4.

Iacono, Michael, David Levinson, and Ahmed El-Geneidy, "Models of Transportation and Land Use Change: A Guide to the Territory," Journal of Planning Literature, 22:4 (2008), 323- 340.

Jacobs, Alan, Elizabeth Macdonald and Yodan Rofé, The Boulevard Book: History, Evolution and Design of Multiway Boulevards (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2002).

Jacobs, Alan Great Streets (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1993).

Kerr, Jacqueline et al, "Assessing Health-Related Resources in Senior Living Residences," Journal of Aging Studies 25:3 (August 2011), 206-214.

Larsen, Jacob and Ahmed El-Geneidy, "A Travel Behavior Analysis of Urban Cycling Facilities in Montréal Canada," Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 16:2 (2011), 172-177.

Leung, Hok-Lin Land-Use Planning Made Plain, 2nd Edition (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003).

Leung, Hok-Lin, Land Use Planning Made Plain, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003) Chapter 5; and"Minister applauds boards for joint school", Brantford Expositor, May 11, 2012.

Lorinc, John "While Toronto feuded, Los Angeles built" The Globe and Mail, April 2, 2012.

Marcus, Clare Cooper and Carolyn Francis, People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space, (New York: Wiley, 1998).

McHarg, Ian Design with Nature (New York Doubleday, 1969), Ch.3;.

Timothy Beatley, David Brower, Anna Schwab, An Introduction to Coastal Zone Management, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2002).

Mercado, Ruben & Antonio Páez "Determinants of distance travelled with a focus on the elderly: A multilevel analysis in the Hamilton CMA, Canada" Journal of Transport Geography 17:1 (2009) 65-76.

Metcalf and Eddy, Wastewater Engineering Treatment and Re-use, (New York: McGraw Hill, 2003).

Miller, Meyer & Urban Transportation Planning, op. cit.; Institute of Transportation Engineers, Trip Generation Manual, 9th ed. (Washington DC: ITE, 2012);.

Meyer, Michael and Eric Miller, Urban Transportation Planning, 2nd ed., (New York: McGraw Hill, 2001).

Mitra, Raktim, Ron Buliung & Matthew Roorda, "The built environment and school travel mode choice in Toronto, Canada", Transportation Research Record 2156 (2010) 2150-2159.

Monaghan, Marshall Macklin and Berridge Lewinberg Greenberg, Making Choices: Alternative Development Standards. (Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Housing and Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs, 1994).

Montgomery, Charles "Life Cycles" Canadian Geographic, 129:2 (April 2009) 17.

O'Connor, Dennis. Report of the Walkerton Commission of Inquiry (Toronto: Publications Ontario, 2002).

Ontario Ministry of Environment & Energy/Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Subwatershed Planning (1993); and Hough Stansbury Woodland, Bringing Back the Don, (City of Toronto,1991).

Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Urban Strategies, Transit-Supportive Guidelines, 2011.

Otto, BetsyKathleen McCormack and Michael Leccese, Ecological Riverfront Design: Restoring Rivers, Connecting Communities, (Chicago: American Planning Association, 2004) PAS report 518/519.

Perkins, Bradford, Building Type Basics for Senior Living, (New York: Wiley, 2004);.

Pollock, R.M. & Graham Whitelaw, "Community-Based Monitoring in support of local sustainability" Local Environment, 10:3 (2005) 211-228..

Pucher, John and Ralph Buehler, "Cycling in Canada and the United States: Why Canada is so far ahead" Plan Canada, Spring 2007, 13-17.

Queen' School of Urban and Regional Planning, Lake and Watershed Planning in the Cataraqui Region: Challenges, Tools & Innovation, (Kingston ON: and Cataraqui Region Conservation Authority, 2008), www.cataraquiregion.on.ca/management/lakeplanning.htm

Rouge Watershed Task Force, Rouge River Watershed Plan, (Toronto ON: Toronto Region Conservation Authority, 2007).

Reid, Barton. "Go-Plan Looking into the Future," City Magazine 16:1 (Spring 1995), 8-10.

Sandler, Barry. "Shared Resources, Common Future: Sustainable Management of Canada-United States Border Waters" Natural Resources Journal, Vol. 33:2. (1993).

Schiller, Preston, Eric Bruun, Jeffrey R. Kenworthy, An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation: Policy, Planning and Implementation (London: Earthscan, 2010).

Schueler, Thomas and Heather Holland, The Practice of Watershed Protection: Techniques for Protecting and Restoring Urban Watersheds, (Washington DC: Center for Watershed Protection, 2000).

Schueler and Holland, Practice of Watershed Protection..

Sierra Legal Defense Fund, The National Sewage Report Card: Grading the Sewage Treatment of 22 Canadian Cities, (Vancouver: SLDF, 2004);.

Smol, John P. Pollution of Lakes and Streams: A Paleoenvironmental Perspective, 2nd ed. (Cambridge MA: Blackwell, 2008).

Spirn, Anne Whiston The Granite Garden; Urban Nature and Human Design, (New York: Basic Books, 1984).

Stone, B. "Paving over paradise: How land use regulations promote residential imperviousness" Landscape and Urban Planning 69 (2004) 101-113.

Todd, Frederick. Preliminary Report to the Ottawa Improvement Commission,(Ottawa: OIC. 1903).

Torres, Juan Yves Bussière and Paul Lewis, "Schools Territorial Policy and Active Commuting: Institutional Influences in Montréal and Trois Rivières," Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 136:4 (2010), 287-293;.

Township of Lake of Bays, ON, Development Permit Bylaw 04-180, March 2007.

Tomalty, Ray & Murtaza Haider, Comparing New Urbanist & Conventional Suburban Developments in Canada (Ottawa: CMHC, 2010);.

Transportation Research Board (TRB) Bus Rapid Transit, (Washington DC: TRB, 2004) TCRP Report 90.

Transportation Research Board (TRB) Light Rail Transit: Planning, Design and Implementation, (Washington DC: TRB) TRB Special Report 195.

Urban Land Institute, Remaking the Urban Waterfront (Washington DC: ULI, 2004).

Ville de Montréal, Reinvent Montréal: Transportation Plan, 2008, p. 54.

Weinstein, Asha, Marc Schlossberg & Katja Irvin, "How Far, by Which Route and Why? A Spatial Analysis of Pedestrian Preference," Journal of Urban Design, 13:1 (2008),.

Wilkinson, Paul. "The golden fleece: the search for standards" Leisure Studies, Vol. 4:2 (1985) 189-203;.

Whyte, William H. City: Rediscovering the Center, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009);.

Zaitzevsky, Cynthia. Frederick Law Olmsted and the Boston Park System. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.).



Chapter 13: Planning for Diverse and Healthy Communities


Agrawal, Sandeep Kumar, "New Ethnic Places of Worship and Planning Challenges, Plan Canada. Vol. 49 (2009, Special Edition) 64-67.

Baker, Annie, "Recognizing Urban Aboriginal Populations in Canadian Cities," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 53.

Barr, Victoria and Jodi Mucha, "Healthy Cities/Communities: An Enduring Approach to Linking Urban Planning and Citizen Health," Plan Canada 49:4 (Winter 2009), 38-42.

Belanger, Yale and Ryan Walker, "Interest Convergence and oC-Production: An Examination of Winnipeg's "Urban Pathways," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 18:1 (2009),118-139.

Boswell, Randy. "The Village People: Gay Community Breathes New Life Into Seedy Section of Centretown," Ottawa Citizen (November 3, 1996.

Brandon Homelessness Committee. Community Plan; 2007.

British Columbia Task Force on Issues of Concern to Seniors, Toward a Better Age, Victoria, 1990.

Campbell, H. l and R. Marshall, "Utilitarianism's Bad Breath? A Re-evaluation of the Public Interest Justification of Planning," Planning Theory 1:2 (2002), 464-478.

Canadian Institute of Planners, Healthy Communities Practice Guide, (Ottawa: CIP 2012); Hazel Christy, David Harrison et al, "Our 21st Century Challenge: Healthier Communities" Plan Canada, Spring 2012, 53-55.

Cerin, Ester Lawrence Frank, James Sallis, Brian Saelens, Terry Conway, James Chapman, and Karen Glanz, "From Neighborhood Design and Food Options to Residents' Weight Status," Appetite 56:3 (June 2011), 693-703.

Chawla, Louise. "Putting Young Old Ideas into Action: The Relevance of Growing Up In Cities to Local Agenda 21," Local Environment, 6:1 (2001), 13-25.

City of Kitchener, Draft Official Plan, 2011, 139.

City of Mississauga, Older Adult Plan, 2008.

City of Mississauga, Mississauga Youth Plan! (May 2009).

City of Ottawa, Older Adult Plan, 2011; available at ottawa.ca/en/social_com/seniors/consultation.

City of Richmond, Official Community Plan, 1999, 3-23.

City of Richmond, Parks, Recreation & Cultural Service Plan, 2008.

City of Victoria, Official Community Plan, 2012.

City of Richmond, Parks, Recreation & Cultural Services Plan Older Adults Services Plan (City of Richmond BC, 2008).

Church, Richard L. and James R. Marston, "Measuring Accessibility for People with a Disability," Geographical Analysis 35:1 (January 2003), 83-96.

Dannenberg, Andrew, Howard Frumkin and Richard Jackson, Making Healthy Places; Designing and Building for Health, Well-Being and Sustainability, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2012);.

Davidoff, Paul. "Pluralism and Advocacy Planning," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 319 (November 1965), 331-338.\.

Day, Rahul and David Harper, "The Path Forward: Land Use Planning as a Unifying Community Process," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008),43-45.

Doan, Petra L. and Harrison Higgins, "The Demise of Queer Space? Resurgent Gentrification and the Assimilation of LGBT Neighborhoods," Journal of Planning Education and Research 31:1 (March 2011), 6-25.

Doyle, Scott et al, "Active Community Environments and Health: The Relationship of Walkable and Safe Communities to Individual Health," Journal of the American Planning Association, 72:1 (Winter 2006), 19-31.

Durst, Douglas, Shelly M. South, and Mary Bluechardt, "Urban First Nations People with Disabilities Speak Out," Journal of Aboriginal Health 3:1 (September 2006), 34-43.

Dumbaugh, Eric "Designing Communities to Enhance the Safety and Mobility of Older Adults," Journal of Planning Literature, 23:1 (August 2008), 17-36.

Evans, Graeme "Accessibility, Urban Design, and the Whole Journet Environment," Built Environment 35:3 (September 2009), 366-.

Feng, Hou, & Picot, Garnet, "Visible Minority Neighbourhoods in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver," Canadian Social Trends, 72 (2004), 8-13.

Finlayson, M. and J. Kaufert, "Older Women's Community Mobility: A Qualitative Exploration," Canadian Journal on Aging 21:1 (2002), 75-84.

Fletcher, Paula C.& John P. Hirdes, "Risk Factors for Serious Falls Among Community-Based Seniors: Results from the National Population Health Survey," Canadian Journal on Aging, 21:1 (2002), 103-116.

Frank, Lawrence, Jacqueline Kerr, James Sallis, et al, "A Hierarchy of Sociodemographic and Environmental Correlates of Walking and Obesity," Preventative Medicine 47:2 (August 2008), 172-178.

Forsyth, Ann, "Sexuality and Space: Nonconformist Populations and Planning Practice," Journal of Planning Literature 15:3 (February 2001), 339-358.

Frank, Kathryn L "The Potential of Youth Participation in Planning," Journal of Planning Literature 20:4 (May 2006), 351-371.

Frisch, Michael, "Planning as a Heterosexist Project," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21:3 (March 2002), 254-266.

Gallagher, Stephen, "Intergovernmental Community Planning: The Sliammon First Nation and the City of Powell River Experience," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 35-38.

Gallant, Paul. "Study shows Pride is an ‘economic powerhouse", Toronto Star, June 23, 2010.

Germain, Annick & Julie Elizabeth Gagnon, "Minority Places of Worship and Zoning Dilemmas in Montreal," Planning Theory & Practice, 4:3 (September 2003).

Gessler, Suzanne, "Where the Other half Lives: A Call for Emergency Homeless Shalter Standards," Plan Canada 50:1 (Spring 2010), 20-23.

Giles-Corti, B. & R. Donovan, "Relative Influences of Individual, Social Environmental, and Physical Environmental Correlates of Walking," American Journal of Public Health, 93:9 (2003), 1583-1589.

Ginsler & Associates, Community Plan on Homelessness in London, October 2001.

Gleeson, Cf. Brendon. Geographies of Disability (London: Routledge 1999).

Glouberman, Sholom et al., "A Framework for Improving Health in Cities: A Discussion Paper," Journal of Urban Health 83:2 (2006), 325-338.

Graham, Stephen and Patsy Healey, "Relational Concepts of Space and Place: Issues for Planning Theory and Practice," European Planning Studies 7:5 (1999), 623-647.

Greed, Clara CF. Women and Planning: Creating Gendered Realities (London: Routledge, 1994)..

Grenier, Sylvie "Urban Planning in a Multicultural Society," Plan Canada, 41:3 (July-Sept. 2001), 31.

Gurstein, Penny. Chris Lovato, and Sally Ross, "Youth Participation in Planning: Strategies for Social Action," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 12:2 (2003), 49-274.

Hancock, Trevor and Leonard Duhl, Promoting Health in the Urban Context (World Health Organization: Copenhagen, 1988).

Healey, Patsy, Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Society (UBC Press: Vancouver, 1997), 99.

Healey, Patsy. "Institutionalist Analysis, Communicative Planning, and Shaping Places," Journal of Planning Education and Research19: 2 (December 1999), 11-121.

Healey, Patsy. "Instituitionalist Analysis, Communicative Planning, and Shaping Places.".

Hendler, Sue and Julia Markovich "Beyond 'Soccer Moms'": Feminist and new urbanist critical approaches to suburbs". Journal of Planning Education and Research 25 (2006) 410-427.

Hodge, Gerald. The Geography of Aging: Preparing Communities for the Surge in Seniors, (Montréal, McGill-Queens University Press, 2008), 123-124.

Hodge, Gerald, "Whither Ethnic Elders? Looming Needs in Community Research and Design," Paper presented at the Environmental Design and Research Association Conference, Vancouver, 2005.

Hodge, Gerald, The Geography of Aging, 183-187.

Hodge, Gerald "The Seniors' Surge: Why Planners Should Care," Plan Canada 30:4 (July 1990), 5-12.

Hoernig, Heidi. "Planning Amidst Cultural Diversity: Lessons from Religious Development," Plan Canada. Vol. 49 (2009,Special Edition) 55-9.

Howe, Deborah et al, Planning for an Aging Society, Planning Advisory Service Report No. 451 (Chicago: American Planning Association, 19940, 4ff.

Hou, Feng and Garnett Picot, "Visible Minority Neighbourhoods in Toronto, Montréal, and Vancouver," Canadian Social Trends, 72, (2004), 8-13.

Imrie, Rob. "Barriered and Bounded Places and the Spatialities of the Disabled." Urban Studies 38:2 (2001), 231-237.

Jaeckel, Monika and Marieke Geldermalson, "Gender Equality and Urban Development: Building Better Communities for All," Global Urban Development Magazine, 2:1 (March 2006).

King, Abby, James Sallis, Lawrence Frank, et al, "Aging in Neighborhoods Differing in Walkability and Incomes: Associations with Physical Activity and Obesity in Older Adults," Social Science & Medicine 73:10 (November 2011), 1525-1533.Plan Canada, 45:2 (Summer 2005),43-45.

Kumar, Sandeep & George Martin, "A Case for Culturally Responsive Urban Design," The Ontario Planning Journal 19:5 (2004).

Laird, Gordon. Shelter:Homelessness in a Growth Economy: Canada's 21st Century Paradox, A Report to the Sheldon Chumir Foundation for Ethics in Leadership, Calgary, 2007, 18ff.

Land, Marcus B. and Michael Hibbard, "Doing It for Themselves: Transformative Planning by Indigenous Peoples," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 25 (2005), 172-184.

Lefebvre, H., The Production of Space (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991).

Lange, Lauren Ian Skelton, and Thelma Meade, "'I Want to See These Words Turned Into Action': Neoliberalism and Urban Housing for Elderly People of Aboriginal Origin," Canadian Journal of Urban Research,19:1 (2010), 71-88.

Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia, "Hot Spots of Bus Stop Crime: The Importance of Environmental Attributes," Journal of the American Planning Association 65:4 (Autumn 1999), 395-408.

Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia, Amanda Bornstein et al, How to Ease Women's Fear of Transportation Environments..

Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia, "Is it Safe to Walk? Neighbourhood Security Considerations and Their Effect on Walking, Journal of Planning Literature, 20:3 (February 2006), 219-232..

Lynch, Kevin, Growing Up in Cities, (Cambrige MA: MIT Press, 1977).

Mathur, Cf. Brijesh. "Community Planning and the New Public Health," Plan Canada 29: 4 (July 1989), 35-44.

Meha, Mary Catherine, "New Urbanism and Aging in Place," Plan Canada, 42:1 (Jan.-Mar. 2002), 21-23.

Metro Vancouver, Regional Steering Committee on Homelessness, One Step Forward, Vancouver, 2012 available at www.metrovancouver.org/planning/homelessness/ResourcesPage/2011HomelessCount

Moore, Cf. Eric G. and Mark W. Rosenberg, Growing Old in Canada: Demographic and Geographic Perspectives, (Toronto: Nelson Canada and Statistics Canada,1997), 205.

Nilsen, Eric Borre. "Rethinking Places in Planning: Opportunities in Northern and Aboriginal Planning in Nunavut Canada," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 14:1 Suppl. (2005), 22-37.

Orr, Larry, "An Aging Society: a Municipal Social Planning Perspective," Plan Canada 30:4 (July 1990), 42-45.

Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing and the Ontario Professional Planners Institute, Planning By Design: a healthy communities handbook, (Toronto: OMMAH, 2009Plan for the Needs of Children and Youth: A Call to Action (Toronto: OPPI, February 2009).

Ontario Professional Planners Institute, Healthy communities; Sustainable Communities (Toronto: OPPI, 2007).

Passon, Camille Daniel Levi, and Vicente del Rio, "Implications of Adolescents' Perceptions and Values for Planning and Design," Journal of Planning Education and Research 28:1 (September 2008), 73.

Prescott, Mike. "A Very Brief Introduction to Social Topography- A Model for Advancing Accessibility and Inclusion," Sitelines (Vancouver, August 2012), 16.

Preiser, Wolfgang and Korydon H. Smith, Universal Design Handbook,2nd ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill Ryerson,2010).

Podmore, Julie A, "Lesbians in the Crowd: Gender, Sexuality, and Visibility Along Montréal's Bou. St-Laurent," Gender Place and Culture 8:4 (2001), 333-355.

Qadeer, Mohammad "Pluralistic Planning for Multicultural Cities: The Canadian Practice," Journal of the American Planning Association 63:4 (December 1997), 481-494.

Qadeer, M.A. and S.K. Agrawal, "The Practice of Multicultural Planning.".

Qadeer, M.A. and S.K. Agrawal, "The Practice of Multicultural Planning in American and Canadian Cities," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 20:1 (2011), 132-156..

Qadeer, Mohammad & Sandeep Kumar, "Ethnic Enclaves and Social Cohesion," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 15:2 (Summer Supplement 2006), 1-17.

Qadeer, Mohammad. "Dealing with Ethnic Enclaves Demands Sensitivity and Pragmatism," The Ontario Planning Journal, 20:1 (2005), 10-11.

Qadeer, Mohammad. "Ethnic Segregation in Toronto and the New Multiculturalism," (University of Toronto, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, March 2003), Research Bulletin No. 12.

Rahder, Barbara and Richard Milgrom, "The Uncertain City: Making Space(s) for Difference," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 13:1 Suppl. (2004), 27-45..

Ragland, David R., Satariano, William A., & MacLeod, Kara E.. "Reasons Given by Older People for Limitation or Avoidance of Driving," The Gerontologist, 44:2 (2004), 237-244..

Regina and District Seniors' Action Plan Steering Committee, Seniors' Action Plan Report.(Regina: City of Regina, 2000).

Regina, City of (2000). Seniors and Safety Working Paper. Regina and District Seniors' Action Plan Steering Committee, 4ff.

Rowles, G.D. and H. Ravdal, "Aging, Place, and Meaning in the Face of Changing Circumstances," inRobert Weiss and Scott Bass eds., Challenges of the Third Age: Meaning and Purpose in Later Life, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 81-114. .

Saelens, Brian, James Sallis, Lawrence Frank, et al "Obesogenic Neighborhood Environments, Child and Parent Obesity: The Neighborhood Impact on Kids Study," American Journal of Preventative Medicine 42:5 (May 2012),.

Sandercock, Cf. Leonie and Ann Forsyth," A Gender Agenda: New Directions for Planning Theory," Jounal of the American Planning Association 58:1 (Winter 1922) 49-59.

Sandercock, Leonie "From Nation to Neighbourhood: Integrating Immigrants Through Community Development Plan Canada Vol. 49 (2009, Special Edition) 6-9;.

Sandercock and G Attili, Where Strangers Become Neighbours: Integrating Immigrants in Vancouver, Canada (Heidelberg: Springer, 2009).

Sandercock, Leonie, "Interface: Planning and Indigenous Communities," Planning Theory and Practice, 5:1 (March 2004), 95-97.

Santo, Charles A. Nathan Ferguson, and Andrew Trippel, "Encouraging Urban Youth Through Technology: The Youth Neighbourhood Mapping Initiative," Journal of Planning Education and Research 30:1 (September 2010), 52-65.

Secker, Jenny, Robert Hill et al, "Promoting Independence: But Promoting What and How?" Ageing & Society 23 (2003), 375-391.

Silbaugh, Katherine B., "Women's Place: Urban Planning, Housing Design, and Work-Family Balance," Fordham Law Review, 76 (December 2007), 1797-1852.

Silbaugh, Cf. Katherine B."Women's Place"; and "Women, Transit and the Perception of Safety" (February 2010).

Sloane, David Charles. "From Congestion to Sprawl: Planning and Health in Historical Context," Journal of the American Planning Association, 72:1 (Winter 2006), 10-18.

Smith, Nancy. "Diversity: the Challenge for Land use Planning," Plan Canada 40:4 (July-September 2000), 27-28.

Statistics Canada, Population Projections for Canada, Provinces and Territories 2005-2031, (Ottawa, 2005) Cat. No. 91-520-XIE.

Statistics Canada. Canada's Ethnocultural Portrait: The Changing Mosaic, 2001 Census Analysis Series, (Ottawa, 2003) Cat. No. 96F0030XIE2001008, 39.

Statistics Canada, A Profile of Disability in Canada 2001 (Ottawa, 2002)Cat. No. 89-579-XIE.

Thomas, H. and V. Krishnaraya, Race Equality and Planning: Policies and Procedures (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1994).

Tsemberis, S., L.Gulcur, and M.Nakae, "Housing First, Consumer Choice, and Harm Reduction for Homeless Individuals With a Dual Diagnosis," American Journal of Public Health 94 (2004), 4651-656.

Uyesugi, Joyce Lee and Robert Shipley, "Visioning Diversity: Planning Vancouver's Multicultural Communities," International Planning Studies 10:3,4 (August-November 2005), 305-322.

United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, The Istanbul Declaration and the Habitat Agenda, (Nairobi: 1997).

Van Loon, Cf. Joshua and Lawrence Frank, "Urban Form Relationships with Youth Physical Activity: Implications for Research and Practice," Journal of Planning Literature 26:3 (2011), 280-308'.

Wallace, Marcia & Beth Moore Milroy, "Ethno Racial Diversity and Planning Practices in the Greater Toronto Area," Plan Canada, 41:3 (July-Sept. 2001), 31-34.

Walker, Ryan C., "Improving the Interface Between Urban Municipalities and Aboriginal Communities, Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 17:1 Suppl. (2008), 20-36.

Wekerle, Gerda and Carolyn Whitzman, Safe cities : guidelines for planning, design, and management, (New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1995).

Witty, David R. "Healthy Communities: What have We Learned?" Plan Canada, 42:4 (Oct. - Dec. 2002), 9-10.

Wigdor, Blossom T. and Louise Plouffe, Seniors' Independence: Whose Responsibility? (Ottawa: National Advisory Council on Aging,1992), 8.

Wilson, James, "Assessing the Walking Environment of the Elderly," Plan Canada 21, no. 4 (1982), 117-121.

Wolfe, Jeanne M. "Canadian Housing Policy in the Nineties," Housing Studies, 13:1 (1998), 121-133.

Women in Cities International, Learning from Women to Create Gender Inclusive Cities (Montréal, 2010),19-20.

Wood, Lisa, Lawrence Frank, and Billie Giles-Corti, "Sense of Community and its Relationship with Walking and Neighborhood Design," Social Science & Medicine 70:9 (May 2010), 1381-1390.

World Health Organization, Global Age-Friendly Cities Project, Geneva, 2007.

World Health Organization, Global Age-Friendly Cities Project; Ontario Professional Planners Institute, Planning for Age-Friendly Communities: A Call to Action (Toronto: OPPI, June 2009).

World Health Organization, Healthy Cities and Urban Governance: Introduction to Healthy Cities (Geneva, 2005); Available at www.euro.who.int/healthy-cities/introducing/20050202_1

Yuan, Y.F., Space and Place (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977).

Zhang, Celia "Ethnic Retailing and Implications for Multicultural Communities" Plan Canada Vol. 49 (2009,Special Edition) 79-82.



Chapter 14: Deciding Upon the Community's Plan


Audet, R. and A. Lettenaff, Land Planning Framework of Canada: An Overview, Working Paper No. 28 (Ottawa: Lands Directorate, Environment Canada, September 1983.

Brody, Samuel D., David R. Godschalk, and Raymond J. Burby, "Mandating Citizen Participation in Plan Making: Six Strategic Planning Choices," Journal of the American Planning Association 69:3 (Winter 2003), 245-264.

Burby, Raymond J., "Making Plans that Matter: Citizen Involvement and Government Action," Journal of the American Planning Association 69:1 (Winter 2003), 33-49.

Carp, Jana, "Wit, Style, and Substance: How Planners Shape Public Participation," Journal of Planning Education and Research 23:3 (2004), 242-254.

City of Saskatoon, Community Vision: Saskatoon Speaks, Saskatoon, June 2011.

Cloke, Paul J., An Introduction to Rural Settlement Planning (London: Methuen, 1983).

Cowie, Art "Politics and Planning: Ten Lessons from an Old Campaigner," Plan Canada 43:3 (Autumn 2003), 18-20.

Dack, Philip, "Mediation for Land Use Decision-Making," Plan Canada 41:1 (March 2001), 10-12.

Diehl, Randy "Resolving Community Development Disputes: The Kamloops Experience," Plan Canada 35:5 (September 1995), 30-34.

Forester, John, "Politics, Power, Ethics and Practice: Abiding Problems for the Future of Planning," Plan Canada 26:9 (December 1986), 224-227.

Friedmann, John "Planning, Politics, and the Environment," Journal of the American Planning Association 59:3 (Summer 1989), 334-338.

Foran, Max, "Coalitions and Demolitions: The Destruction of Calgary's East Victoria Park, 1960-1998," Prairie Forum 32:1 (Spring 2007), 17-45.

Grauhan, Rolf-Richard, "Notes on the Structure of Planning Administration," in Andreas Faludi, ed., A Reader in Planning Theory (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1973), 297-316.

Gunton, T.I., "The Role of the Professional Planner," Canadian Public Administration 27:3 (Fall 1984), 399-417.

Hackworth, Jason, The Neoliberal City: Governance, Ideology, and Development in American Urbanism, (Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 2006).

Hanna, Kevin S."Planning for Sustainability: Experience in Two Contrasting Communities," Journal of the American Planning Association 71:1 (Winter 2005), 27-40.

Harvey, David, A Brief History of Neoliberalism, (London: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Healey, Patsy. Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies (Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997).

Innes, Judith E."Planning through Consensus Building," Journal of the American Planning Association 62:4 (Autumn 1996), 460-472.

Jackson, Gord and Mary Ann McConnell-Boehm, "Plan Edmonton: A Plan and a Process," Plan Canada 39:5 (November 1999), 17-19.

Kiernan, Matthew, "Ideology and the Precarious Future of the Canadian Planning Profession," Plan Canada 22:1 (March 1982), 14-24.

Loh, G. Carolyn, "Four Potential Disconnects in the Community Planning Process," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 32:1 (March 2012), 33-47.

MacLaren, Virginia W. "Urban Sustainability Reporting". Journal of the American Planning Association 62:2 (Spring 1996). 184-202.

Marris, Peter, "Planning and Civil Society in the Twenty-first Century," in Mike Douglass and John Friedmann, eds., Cities for Citizens (New York: Wiley, 1998), 9-17.

McLagan, Richard B."Custom Negotiation and Mediation: Updating Our Planning Toolkit," Plan Canada 36:4 (July 1996), 26-27.

McAfee, Ann, "Vancouver CityPlan: People Participating in Planning," Plan Canada 35:3 (May 1995), 15-16.

Milroy, Beth Moore "Some Thoughts About Difference and Pluralism," Planning Theory 7-8 (1992), 33-38;.

Plunkett, T.J.and G.M. Betts, The Management of Canadian Urban Government (Queen's University Institute of Local Government Kingston:, 1978), 230-249.

Redman, Louis N. "The Planning Process," Managerial Planning 31:6 (May-June 1983), 24-40.

Reid, Barton, "The Death of Victoria Park Neighbourhood, the State of Urban Reform and the Battle of Mythologies in Calgary," City Magazine 13:1 (Winter 1991- 1992), 36-42.

Sanders, Beth. "A View from the Forks: Coming to Terms with Perceptions of Public Participation," Plan Canada 38:2 (March 1998), 30-32.

Season, Mark. "Strategic Planning in the Public Sector Environment: Addressing the Realities". Plan Canada 29:6 (November 1989), 19-27.

Shipley, Robert "Visioning in Planning: Is the Practice Based on Sound Theory?" Environment and Planning A 34:1 (2002), 7-22.

Stevens, Mark. "Exploring Vancouverism: The Political Culture of Canada's Lotus Land," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 19:1 (2010 Suppl.), 143-145.

Throgmorton, J.A., "On the Virtues of Skilful Meandering: Acting as a Skilled-Voice-in-the-Flow of Persuasive Argumentation," Journal of the American Planning Association 66:4 (Autum 2000), 367-383.

Tindal, C.R. and S.N. Tindal, Local Government in Canada, 2nd ed. (Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1984), 207-224.

Voigt, Robert. "Creative, Communicative, and Progressive: Developing the Collingwood Urban Design Manual," Plan Canada 51:3 (Fall 2011), 45-49.



Chapter 15: The Texture of Participation in Community Planning


Arnstein, Sherry R., "A Ladder of Citizen Participation," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 35:3 (July 1969), 216-224.

Bridgman Rae, "Criteria for Best Practices in Building Child-Friendly Cities: Involving Young People in Urban Planning and Design," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 13:2 (Winter 2004), 337-346.

Brody, Samuel D. et al., "Mandating Citizen Participation in Plan Making: Six Strategic Planning Choices," Journal of the American Planning Association 69:3 (Winter 2003), 245-264.

Booher, David and Judith Innes, "Network Power in Collaborative Planning" Journal of Planning Education and Research 21:3 (March 2002), 221-236.

Canada, Centre for Health Promotion, A City for All Ages (Ottawa, 2000), 89.

Carp, Jana "Wit, Style, and Substance: How Planners Shape Public Participation," Journal of Planning Education and Research 23:3 (March 2004), 242-254.

Christensen, Karen S., "Teaching Savvy," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 12:3 (April 1993), 202-212.

City of Vernon, City Centre Neighbourhood Plan, September 2011, 4-5.

Daland, Robert T. and John A. Parker, "Roles of the Planner in Urban Development," in F. Stuart Chapin Jr. and Shirley Weiss, eds., Urban Growth Dynamics (New York: Krieger Publishing, 1962), esp. 190-196.

Davidoff, Paul "Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31:4 (December 1965), 331-338.

Diamond, Larry, "The Developer as a Partner in Change: Defying Popular Myths," Plan Canada 50:1 (Spring 2010), 42-47.

Doan, Petra L. and Harrison Higgins, "The Demise of Queer Space? Resurgent Gentrification and the Assimilation of LGBT Neighborhoods," Journal of Planning Education and Research 31:1 (March 2011), 6-25.

Enns, Cherie and Jennifer Wilson, "The Picket Fence Project," Plan Canada 39:4 (September-October 1999), 12-15.

Fainstein, Susan "Planning in a Different Voice," Planning Theory 7:8 (1992), 27-31.

Fainstein, Susan S., "New Directions in Planning Theory," Urban Affairs Review 35:4 (March2000), 451-478.

Filion, Pierre, "The Weight of the System," Plan Canada 37:1 (January 1997), 11-18.

Forester, John, "Planning in the Face of Power," Journal of the American Planning Association 48 (Winter 1982), 67-80.

Forester, John, "Know Your Organizations: Planning and the Reproduction of Social and Political Relations," Plan Canada 22:1 (March 1982), 3-13.

Grant, Jill, "Rethinking the Public Interest as a Planning Concept," Plan Canada 45:2 (Summer 2005), 48-50.

Greed, Clara. Women and Planning: Creating Gendered Realities (London: Routledge, 1994).

Gunton, Thomas, "The Role of the Professional Planner," Canadian Public Administration 27:3 (Fall 1984), 399-417.

Guttenberg, Albert Z., The Language of Planning (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993),.

Gurstein, Penelope, "Gender Sensitive Community Planning: A Case Study of the Planning Ourselves In Project," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 5:2 (December 1996), 199-219.

Gurstein, Penelope et al., "Youth Participation in Planning: Strategies for Social Action," Canadian Journal of Urban Research 12:2 (Winter 2003), 249-274.

Hanna, Kevin S. "The Paradox of Participation and the Hidden Role of Information," Journal of the American Planning Association 66:4 (Autumn 2000), 398-410.

Healey, Patsy, "The Communicative Turn in Planning Theory and its Implications for Spatial Strategy Formation," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 23, 217-234.

Hendler, Sue (with Helen Harrison), "Theorizing Canadian Planning History: Women, Gender, and Feminist Perspectives," in Kristine B. Miranne and Alma H. Young, eds., Gendering the City: Women, Boundaries and Visions of Urban Life (Lanham, UK: Rowan & Littlefield, 2000), 139-156.

Hemmingson, Karen and Leslie Kemp, "Planning Ourselves In: Exploring Women's Involvement in the Community Planning Process," City Magazine 14:4/15:1 (Fall-Winter 1993), 14-17.

Hodge, Gerald, The Geography of Aging: Preparing Communities for the Surge in Seniors (Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2008), 169-190.

Hou, Feng and Garnet Picot, "Visible Minority Neighbourhoods in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver," Canadian Social Trends 72 (2004), 8-13.

Howe, Deborah A. et al., Planning for an Aging Society, Planning Advisory Service Report No. 451 (Chicago: American Planning Association, 1994), 47-50.

Innes, Judith E., "Information in Communicative Planning," Journal of the American Planning Association 64:1 (Winter 1998), 52-63.

Keough, Noel. "Calgary's Citizen-Led Community Sustainability Indicators Project," Plan Canada 43:1 (Spring 2003), 35-36.

Kiernan, Matthew "Ideology and the Precarious Future of the Canadian Planning Profession," Plan Canada 22:1 (March 1982), 14-24.

Lash, Harry, Planning in a Human Way, Cat. no. SU32-3 (Ottawa: Ministry of State for Urban Affairs and Macmillan Canada, 1976), 9-13.

Mandarano, Lynn, Mahbubur Meenar, and Christopher Steins, "Building Social Capital in the Age of Civic Engagement," Journal of Plaanning Literature 25:2 (November 2010),123-135.

Margerum, Richard D. "Collaborative Planning: Building Consensus and Building a Distinct Model for Practice," Journal of Planning Education and Research 21:3 (March 2002), 237-253.

Margerum, Richard D., "Evaluating Collaborative Planning: Implications from an Empirical Analysis of Growth Management," Journal of the American Planning Association 68:2 (Spring 2002), 173-179.

Mannell, Laura and Heather Turnoway, "The Need to Do More: Advancing Planning with First Nations Communities," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 21-23..

Marshall, Nancy and Richard Roberts, "That Thing Called Public Involvement," Plan Canada 37:3 (1997), 8-11.

Nicoli, Andrei, "The Twenty-First Century is Here: Is Anybody Home? Community Participation and the Role of Local Government," Plan Canada 41:1 (January-February-March 2001), 21-23.

Page, John and Reg Lang, Canadian Planners in Profile (Toronto: York University Faculty of Environmental Studies, 1977.

Parr, Hester and Ruth Butler, "New Geographies of Illness, Impairment and Disability," in H. Parr and R. Butler, eds., Mind and Body Spaces (London: Routledge, 1999), 1­-24.

Prentice, Susan, "Childcare, Justice and the City: A Case Study of Planning Failure in Wiinnipeg," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 16:1 (Winter 2007), 92-108.

Punter, John, The Vancouver Achievement: Urban Planning and Design (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003), Chapters 8 and 9.

Qadeer, Mohammad, What is This Thing Called Multicultural Planning?" Plan Canada, Special Edition (2009), 10-13.

Quick, Kathryn S. and Martha S. Feldman, "Distinguishing Participation and Inclusion," Journal of Planning Education and Research 31:3 (September 2011), 272-290.

Roy, Ananya "A ‘Public' Muse: On Planning Convictions and Feminist Contentions," Journal of Planning Education and Research 21:2 (December 2001), 109-126.

Sandercock, Leonie, "Towards a Planning Imagination for the 21st Century," Journal of the American Planning Association 70:2 (Spring 2004), 133-141.

Sandercock, Leonie, Towards Cosmopolis: Planning for Multicultural Cities (New York: Wiley, 1998).

Sandercock, Leonie and Ann Forsyth, "Gender: A New Agenda for Planning Theory," Journal of the American Planning Association 58:1 (1992), 49-59.

Schi, Rebecca, Jeannette Waegemakers Schi, and Barbara Schneider, "Housing for the Disabled Mentally Ill: Beyond Homogeneity," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 19:2 (Winter 2010), 108-128.

Schon, Donald A., "Some of What a Planner Knows," Journal of the American Planning Association 48 (Summer 1982), 351-364.

Seelig, Michael and Julie Seelig, "CityPlan: Participation or Abdication?" Plan Canada 37:3 (May 1997), 18-22.

Smith, Neale and Nancy Hackett, "Partnering for Neighbourhood Revitalization: Riverside Meadows, Red Deer," Plan Canada 41:1 (January-February-March 2001), 13-15.

Sibley, David Geographies of Exclusion (London: Routledge, 1995); Brendon Gleeson, Geographies of Disability (London: Routledge, 1999);.

Statistics Canada, A Profile of Disability in Canada, 2001, Cat. no. 89-577-XIE (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2002), Table 2.

Statistics Canada, Canada's Ethnocultural Portrait: The Changing Mosaic, 2001, Census Analysis Series, Cat. no. 96F0030XIE2001008 (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2003), 39.

Throgmorton, "J.A. On the Virtues of Skillful Meandering: Acting as a Skilled-Voice-in-the-Flow of Persuasive Argumentation," Journal of the American Planning Association 66:4 (Autumn 2000), 367-383.

Umemoto, Karen "Walking in Another's Shoes: Epistemological Challenges in Participatory Planning," Journal of Planning Education and Research 21:1 (2001), 17­-31.

Webber, Melvin M. "Comprehensive Planning and Social Responsibility," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 29 (November 1963), 267-273.

Wight, Ian, "Valuing Planning: An Ethic/Ethos in the Making," Plan Canada 51:1 (Spring 2011), 36-39.



Chapter 16: Land-use Regulation Tools for Plan Implementation


Alberta, Municipal Affairs, Planning in Alberta (Edmonton, 1978), 25-28.

Babcock, Richard F., "Zoning," in Frank S. So et al., eds., The Practice of Local Government Planning, (Washington: International City Managers' Association, 1979), 416-444.

Bennett, Arnold, "Montreal Debates Condo Conversion Again," City Magazine, 14:2 (Spring 1993),10.

Bloomfield, Elizabeth, "Reshaping the Urban Landscape: Town Planning Effects in Kitchener/Waterloo, 1912-1926," in G.A. Stelter and A. Artibise, eds., Shaping the Urban Landscape, (Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1982), 256-303.

Bossleman, Peter et al, "Urban Form and Climate: Case Study, Toronto," Journal of the American Planning Association, 61:2 (Spring 1995) 226-239.

Brook McIlroy Planning + Urban Design, Model Urban Design Guidelines. St. Catherines ON: Regional Municipality of Niagara, April 2005. www.regional.niagara.on.ca/urban-design/pdf/pdfs/1.pdf

Bryant, Christopher & Thomas Johnston, Agriculture in the City's Countryside, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992), 137-189.

Camus, Tera, "Sydney's Toxic Woes Widespread," Halifax Herald, August 6, 2001.

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, Residential Site Development Advisory Document, (Ottawa, 1981), 2.

City of Edmonton, Planning and Development Handbook, (Edmonton, 2000).

Comay Planning Consultants et al., A Study of Sprawl in New Brunswick, (Toronto, 1980), 96.

Condon, Patrick, The Headwaters Project—East Clayton Neighbourhood Concept Plan, (Ottawa: CMHC 2001) Research Highlights 62488.

Demb, Alan, "No Place Like Home: Legalizing Home Occupations in Toronto," City Magazine, 14:2 (Spring 1993), 8.

Dennis, Richard, "'Zoning' before zoning: the regulation of apartment housing in early twentieth century Winnipeg and Toronto", Planning Perspectives, 15:3 (2000), 267-299.

Duany, Andres et al., Towns and Town-Making Principles (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991).

Fischler, Raphael, "Health, Safety, and the General Welfare: Markets, Politics, and Social Science in Early Land-use Regulation and Community Design," Journal of Urban History, 24:6 (1998), 675-719.

Fletcher, Sharon, "Coping With Growth in the Regional District of Nanaimo," Plan Canada, 41:4 (Fall 2001), 16-17.

Friedman, Avi & David Krawitz, "Retooling the Historic Neighbourhood of Le Village," Plan Canada, 42:1 (January-March 2002), 24-26.

Gabor, Andrea Gabor & Frank Lewinberg, "New Urbanism," Plan Canada, 37:4 (July 1997), 12-17.

Gillard, Geoff, "Surrey Shifts Sustainability Status Quo with Neighbourhood Concept Plan". Plan Canada 43:1 (January 2003) 13-16.

Gordon, David & Shayne Vipond, "Gross Density and New Urbanism: Comparing Conventional and New Urbanist Suburbs in Markham, Ontario," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:1 (Winter 2005), 41-54.

Grant, Jill et al, "The Planning and Policy Implications of Gated Communities," Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13:1 (2004), 70-88.

Grant, Jill, , "Mixed Use in Theory and Practice: Canadian Experience with Implementing a Planning Principle," Journal of the American Planning Association, 68:1 (Winter 2002), 71-84.

Grdadolnik, Helena, "Woodward's Take Shape: ‘Nothing Like it in North America'," April 4, 2006 available at www.thetyee.ca.

Greenberg, Ken and Frank Lewinberg, "Reinventing Planning in Toronto," Plan Canada, 36:3 (May 1996), 26-27.

IBI Group, Transit Supportive Land Use Planning Guidelines. (Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Transportation and Ministry of Municipal Affairs, 1992).

Ito, Kenji, "Comprehensive Development Zoning," Plan Canada, 37:4 (July 1997), 6-11.

Kunstler, James Howard, Home from Nowhere (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996).

Lamey, Mary, "Vision for Future Pays Off," The Gazette, Montreal, October 15, 2005.

Leung, Hok Lin, "Mutual Learning in Development Control," Plan Canada, 27:2 (April 1987), 44-55.

Levin, Earl, "Zoning in Canada," Plan Canada, 7 (June 1957), 85-90.

Logan, Thomas H., "The Americanization of German Zoning," Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 42 (October 1976), 377-385.

Makuch, Stanley, "Planning or Blackmail?" Plan Canada, 25:1 (March 1985), 8-9.

Moffat, David, "New Urbanism's Smart Code," Places, 16:2,(Spring 2004), 74-7.

Newfoundland, Provincial Planning Office, Residential Subdivision Design Criteria (St. John's, 1975), 1.

O'Connor, Elaine, "Woodward's Nears Sellout: Plenty Buy into Downtown Eastside Revitalization," The Province, (Vancouver, B.C), Apr 23, 2006, A.4.

Ontario Economic Council, Subject to Approval, (Toronto, 1973), 65-66.

Punter, John, "From Design Advice to Peer Review: The Role of the Urban Design Panel in Vancouver" Journal of Urban Design, 8: 2 (2003), 113-135.

Punter, John, The Vancouver Achievement: Urban Planning and Design,, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003).

Qadeer, Mohammad, "Planning Approaches to Ethnic Enclaves," Ontario Planning Journal, 19:6 (2004), 6-7.

Reid, Evelyne P. & Maurice Yeates, "Bill 90—An Act to Protect Agricultural Land: An Assessment of Its Success in Laprairie County Quebec," Urban Geography, 12:4 (1991), 295-309.

Rogers, Ian, Canadian Law of Planning and Zoning, (Toronto: Carswell, 1973), 120.

Smith, Nancy, "Diversity: The Challenge for Land Use Planning," Plan Canada, 40:4 (July-August-September 2000), 27-28.

The Planning Act, R.S.O. 1990, Ch. P.13.

Toderian, Brenton, "Big-Box Retailing: How Are Municipalities Reacting?" Plan Canada, 36:6 (November 1996), 25-28.

Van Nus, Walter, "Towards the City Efficient: The Theory and Practice of Zoning, 1915-1939," in A.F.J. Artibise, & G.A. Stelter (eds.), The Useable Urban Past: Planning and Politics in the Modern Canadian City, (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979), 220- 246.

Weaver, John C., "The Property Industry and Land Use Controls: The Vancouver Experience, 1910-1945," Plan Canada, 19 (September-December, 1979), 211-225.

White, Robin, "Designing More Sustainable Suburban Communities: Calgary's Approach," Plan Canada, 36:4 (July 1996), 16-19.



Chapter 17: Policy Tools for Plan Implementation


Alberta, Municipal Affairs, Land Use Policies, September 1996, 4.

Blais, Pamela, Perverse Cities: Hidden Subsidies, Wonky Policy, and Urban Sprawl, (Vancouver BC: UBC Press, 2010).

Brendon, Casey et al., "Urban Innovations: Financial Tools in Brownfield Revitalization," Plan Canada, 44:4 (Winter 2004), 26.

Brown, Peter, America's waterfront Revival: Port Authorities and Urban Redevelopment. (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

Bourne, Larry S., "The Urban Sprawl Debate: Myths, Realities and Hidden Agendas," Plan Canada, 41:4 (Dec. 2001), 26-28.

Bowyer, Robert H, , Capital Improvements Programs, (Chicago: American Planning Association, 1993), Planning Advisory Service Bulletin 442.

Bryson, John M.and William D. Roering, "Applying Private Sector Strategic Planning in the Public Sector," Journal of the American Planning Association, 53:1(Winter 1987).

Canadian Council for Public--Private Partnerships, Canadian PPP Project Directory, (Toronto, 2012). 9-22.

City of Edmonton, Planning and Development Handbook, (Edmonton, 2000).

Coughlin, Robert, "The Capital Programming Problem," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 26 (February 1960), 39-48.

Crombie, David, Royal Commission on the Future of the Toronto Waterfront, Regeneration: Toronto's Waterfront and the Sustainable City, Final Report, (Toronto: Queen's Printer, 1992).

De Sousa, Christopher A., Changshan Wu and Lynne M. Westphal, Assessing the Effect of Publicly Assisted Brownfield Redevelopment on Surrounding Property Values, Economic Development Quarterly, 23:2 (May 2009), 9.

Downs, Anthony "Smart Growth: Why We Discuss It More Than We Do It," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:4 (Autumn 2005), 367-378.

Fast, Manfred, "Community Can Make It Happen: Forging the Port Colborne Ontario Strategic Plan," Small Town 26,:1 (July-August 1995), 10-15.

Fletcher, Sharon & Christina Thomas, "Coping With Growth in the Regional Districts of BC," Plan Canada 41:4(Winter 2001), 16-18.

Frank S. So and Judith Getzels, The Practice of Local Government Planning (Washington: International City Manager's Association, 1988).

Gordon, David "Managing the Changing Political Environment in Urban Waterfront Redevelopment," Urban Studies, 34:1 (1997): 61.

Gordon , David and André Juneau, "Bridging Mechanisms for the Ottawa-Gatineau Region," in R. Chattopadhyay.

Gordon, David, "Managing Change on the Urban Edge: Implementing Urban Waterfront Redevelopment in Toronto," in G. Halseth and T. Nicol,(eds.) (Re)Development At the Urban Edge, (Waterloo,ON: University of Waterloo Press, 2000), 175-226.

Government Finance Officers Association, Capital Improvement Programming: A Guide for Smaller Governments (Chicago: GFOA, 1996).

Hayek, Michael, Godwin Arku, and Jason Gilliland, "Assessing London, Ontario's Brownfield Redevelopment Effort to Promote Urban Intensification", Local Environment, 15:4 (April 2010), 389-402.

Jackson, Gord and Mary Ann McConnell-Boehm,">Plan Canada 39:5 (November 1999).

Kiernan, Matthew, "Intergovernmental Innovation: Winnipeg's Core Area Initiative," Plan Canada 27:1 (March 1987), 23-31.

Lampert, Greg and Marc Denhez, Levies, Fees, Charges, Taxes, and Transaction Costs on New Housing (Ottawa: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, 1997). 9), 17-19..

Leblanc, Francois "La renaissance des centre-villes: Le programme Rues principales," Plan Canada 29:5 (September 1989), 8-13.

Lefbure, Christaine and Eve Wertheimer, "An Indispensible Reference for Heritage Conservation, Plan Canada 46:1 (Spring 2006) 41-43.

Margerum, Richard D., "Getting Past Yes: From Capital Creation to Action," Journal of the American Planning Association, 65:2 (Spring 1999), 181-192.

McKellar, James and David Gordon, The RFP Process for the Disposition of Publicly-Owned Real Estate Assets, (Kingston, ON: National Executive Forum on Public Property, Queen's University, November 2007).

Meyerson, Martin, "Building the Middle-Range Bridge for Comprehensive Planning," Journal of the American Institute of Planners 22 (Spring 1956), 58-64.

Ontario, Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Business Improvement Areas Handbook, (Toronto: Queen's Printer, 2010).

Paquet, G., The Unimagined Canadian Capital: Challenges for the Federal Capital Region, (Ottawa: Invenire Press, 2011), 87-104.

Reid, Barton, "Harbourfront: Aesthetics vs. Dollars," City Magazine 8:3,4 (Fall 1986), 9-10.

Richards, Alan. "Implementing a Voluntary Process for Difficult-to-Site Projects," Plan Canada 36:1 (January 1996), 31-32.

Ross, David. "Le partnering, une méthode de prévention des conflits dans le cadre de projets urbains," Urbanité, (Winter 2010), 32-33.

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, BC Office, Assessing the Record of Public-Private Partnerships, (Vancouver, 2003).

Seasons, Mark. "Strategic Planning in the Public Sector Environment: Addressing the Realities, Plan Canada, 29:6 (November 1989), 9-27.

Service Nova Scotia and Municipal Relations, Local Government Resource Handbook (Halifax: 2000), 7.

Shoup, Donald The High Cost of Free Parking, (Chicago: Planners Press, 2011).

Siemiatycki, Matti, "Implications of Private-Public Partnerships on the Development of Urban Public Transit Infrastructure: The Case of Vancouver, Canada", Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26 (2006), 137-151.

Skaburskis and Tomalty, "How Property Taxes and Development Charges Can be Used to Shape Cities, Plan Canada 41:1 (January-February-March 2001),.

Tamminga, Ken, "Restoring Biodiversity in the Urbanizing Region: Towards Pre-emptive Ecosystems Planning," Plan Canada 36:4 (July 1996), 10-15.

Tomalty, Ray and Don Alexander, Smart Growth in Canada: A Report Card, (Ottawa: CMHC), Socio-economic Series 05-036, December 2005.

Tuckey, Bryan, "The Cornerstones of Community-Building," Plan Canada, , 41:4 (Oct.-Dec. 2001), 14-15.

Young, Marjorie. "Accommodating and Managing Municipal Infrastructure Investments in Calgary," Plan Canada, 41:4 (Oct.-Dec. 2001), 18-20.



Chapter 18: Epilogue


Aberley, Doug. "Telling Stories to the Future: Integrative Approaches to Planning," Plan Canada, 40:1 (Dec.-Jan. 2000), 24-25.

Alexander, Don and Pamela Shaw, "Say Goodbye to Small Business: Should we Care? Plan Canada 52:2 (Summer 2012), 26-33.

Alexander, Don, et al, "The Challenges in Implementing a Smart Growth Agenda: The BC Sprawl Report 2004," Plan Canada, 45:4 (Winter 2005), 23-26.

Beasley, Larry. "Moving Forward in Canadian Communities: Soliloquy of an Urbanist," Plan Canada 44:4 (Winter 2004), 16-19.

Bennett, Ben "An Activist's Experience of the Planning Process," Plan Canada, (43:3 (Jan-Mar. 2002), 14-16.

Berke, Philip R. ""Does Sustainable Development Offer a New Direction for Planning? Challenges for the Twenty-First Century," Journal of Planning Literature, 17:1 (August 2002), 21-36.

Berris, Catherine, Charlene Higgins and Chief Mike Retasket, "Ts'enwecw TmiCW- Our Sacred Land," Plan Canada 48:2 (Summer 2008), 46-48.

Birch, Eugenie and Susan Wachter, Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster: Lessons from Katrina (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006).

Blais, Pamela, Perverse Cities: Hidden Subsidies, Wonky Policy, and Urban Sprawl (Vancouver BC: UBC Press, 2010).

Bourne, Larry S. "The Urban Sprawl Debate: Myths, Realities and Hidden Agendas," Plan Canada, 41:4 (Oct. - Dec. 2001), 26-28.

Bowron, Beate and Gary Davidson, "Ecological Footprint and Land Use Scenarios: Calgary, Alberta," Climate Change Planning: Case Studies from Canadian Communities (Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Planners, March 2012).

Bowron, Beate and Gary Davidson, "Waterfront Toronto's Carbon Tool: Toronto, Ontario," Climate Change Planning: Case Studies from Canadian Communities (Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Planners, March 2012).

Bowron, Beate and Gary Davidson, "Planning for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation: Red Deer, Alberta".

Bowron, Beate and Gary Davidson, op.cit, "Hot Weather Response Plan: Sudbury, Ontario;" "Interim Flood Construction Levels: Vancouver, British Columbia;" "Gibsons Harbour Area Plan".

Bridgman, Rae. "Human Dignity on Main Street: Public Toilets," Plan Canada 50:1 (Spring 2010),27-30.

Bruegmann, Robert. Sprawl: A Compact History, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005),.

Calthorpe, Peter C. Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change (Washington DC: Island Press, 2011),.

Campbell, Heather, "Talking the Same Words But Speaking Different Languages: The Need for Meaningful Dialogue," Planning Theory and Practice, 4:4 (December 2003), 389-392.

Campbell, Elisa and Jackie Teed, "Getting To Minus 80: Urban Form Strategies for Measurably Achieving Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets" Plan Canada Vol. 50:4(2010) 18-21.

Campbell, Scott. "Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities?: Urban Planning and the Contradictions of Sustainable Development," Journal of the American Planning Association 62:3 (Summer 1996), 296-312.

Camus, Tera. "Sydney's Toxic Woes Widespread," Halifax Herald, August 6, 2001.

Cappe, Marni and David Brown, "Mainstreaming Climate Change Tools for Planners," Journal of the Alberta Association of the Canadian Institute of Planners, (Winter 2009/2010), 5-7.

Christensen, Karen S. . "Teaching Savvy," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 12 (1993), 202-212.

City of Saskatoon, Community Vision: Saskatoon Speaks, Saskatoon, June 2011.

City Of North Vancouver, North Vancouver Official Community Plan,.

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy: Prince George, British Columbia;" "Toronto Green Standard," Climate Change Planning: Case Studies from Canadian Communities (Ottawa: Canadian Institute of Planners, March 2012).

Condon, Patrick. Seven Rules for Sustainable Communities: Design Strategies for the Post-Carbon World (Washington, Covelo, London: Island Press, 2008).

Condon, Patrick. Seven Rules for Sustainable Communities: Design Strategies for the Post-Carbon World (Washington, DC: Island Press, 2008).

Condon, Patrick, "Planning for Climate Change," Land Lines, (Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, January 2008), 1-7.

Cowie, Art. "Politics and Planning: Ten Lessons from an Old Campaigner," Plan Canada, 43:3 (Autumn 2003), 18-20.

D'Abramo, Joe and Lawson Oates "Toronto's Climate Change Initiatives: Overview, the Toronto Green Standard and The Green Roof Bylaw" Plan Canada Vol. 50:4(2010), 29-31.

Dakin, John. "Heading for New Minds?" Plan Canada, 34:2 (July 1994), 93-98.

Davidson, Gary. "Rummaging in the Compost," Plan Canada 39:3 (May 1999), 15-16.

Davis, Stephen "Humber Valley Village residents furious over development proposal" The Globe and Mail, Oct. 19, 2012.

"Declaration on Climate Change + Communities: A Call to Action" Plan Canada Vol. 50:4(2010) p.16.

Doeler,, Marta "How to Communicate as a Planner," Planning Theory and Practice, 3:3 (December,2002).

Dudley, Michael. "Planning Journals Between Orthodoxy and Contrarianism in Challenging Times," Plan Canada 52:3 (Fall 2012), 10-12.

Dunham-Jones, Ellen and June Williamson, Retrofitting Suburbia: Urban Design Solutions for Redesigning Suburbs, (New York: Wiley, 2011);.

Ebersohn et Dick al, " ImagineCalgary: A 100-Year Vision for Sustainability," Plan Canada, 45:4 (Winter 2005), 35-37.

Ewing , Reid et al., Growing Cooler: The Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change (Washington DC: Urban Land Institute 2008).

Filion, Pierre et al, "Intensification and Sprawl: Residential Density Trajectories in Canada's Largest Metropolitan Regions," Urban Geography, 31:4 (2010), 541-569;.

Filion, Pierre . "Renaissance Thinkers for a Fragmented World," Plan Canada 50:3 (Fall 2010), 40-43.

Frank , Lawrence, Michael Greenwald, Steve Winkelman, James Chapman, and Sarah Kavage, "Carbonless Footprints: Promoting Health and Climate Stabilization Through Active Transportation," Preventative Medicine 50, Supplement (January 2010), S99-S105.

Friedman, Avi. Planning the New Suburbia: Flexibility by Design (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2001).

Friedman, Avi. The Grow Home (Montreal: McGill Queen's University Press, 2001).

Friedmann, John, "Globalization and the Emerging Culture of Planning, Progress in Planning, 64 (2005), 183-234.

Friedmann, John. "Urban Communes, Self-Management and the Reconstruction of the Local State," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 2:1 (Summer 1982), 37-53.

Forrester, John "Know Your Organizations: Planning and the Reproduction of Social and Political Relations," Plan Canada 22:1 (March 1982), 3-13.

Gibson, Robert B. "Sustainability and the Greenbelt," Plan Canada 51:3 (Fall 2011), 38-40.

Gilmour, Brent, Jessica Webster and Taylor Zeeg, "Planning the Energy Resilient Community" Plan Canada Vol. 50:4(2010), 22-25.

Gordon, David and Mark Janzen, "Suburban Nation? Estimating the size of Canada's suburban population" ACUPP/ Canadian Association of Geographers conference, Calgary, 2011.

Godschalk, David R. "Land Use Planning Challenges: Coping with Conflicts in Visions of Sustainable Development and Livable Communities," Journal of the American Planning Association, 70:1 (Winter 2004), 5-13.

Grant, Jill. "Planning for the Longer Term: Regulating for Resilience," Plan Canada 51:4 (Winter 2011), 23-25.

Gratz , Roberta Brandes, "Jane Jacobs and the Power of Women Planners," Nov. 16, 2011 available at www.theatlanticcities.com

Greenberg, Ken, Walking Home: The Life and Lessons of a City Builder (Toronto: Random House, 2011), 11.

Gurstein, Penny and Silvia Viches, "The Just City for Whom: Re-conceiving Active Citizenship for Lone Mothers in Canada", Gender, Place and Culture, 17:4 (August 2010), 421-436.

Hanna, Kevin S., "Planning For Sustainability: Experience in Two Contrasting Communities," Journal of the American Planning Association, 71:1 (Winter 2005), 27-40.

Hagerman , Shannon, Hadi Dowlatabadi, Terre Satterfield, and Tim McDaniels, "Expert Views on Biodiversity Conservation in an Era of Climate Change," Environmental Change 20:1 (February 2010), 192-207.

Hendler, Sue. "It's the Right Thing To Do-Or Is It?" Plan Canada 42:2 (April-June 2002), 9-11.

Hodge, Gerald. The Geography of Aging: Preparing Communities for the Seniors' Surge (Montréal: McGill-Queens University Press, 2008), 170-178.

Hulchanski, David. The Three Cities Within Toronto: Income Polarization Among Toronto's Neighbourhoods, 1970-2005, University of Toronto Cities Centre, December 2010.

Innes, Judith E. I& David E. Booher, "Reframing Public Participation:Strategies for the 21st Century," Planning Theory and Practice, 5:4 (December 2004), 419-436.

Innes, Judith. "Information in Communicative Planning," Journal of the American Planning Association 64:1 (Winter 1998), 52-63.

Keough, Noel. "Calgary's Citizen-Led Community Sustainability Indicators Project," Plan Canada, 43:1 (Spring 2003), 36-36.

Lapointe, François, Cities as Crucibles: Reflections on Canada's Urban Future (Ottawa ON: Invenire Press, 2011) xv.

Leinberger, Christopher. The Option of Urbanism: Investing in a New American Dream, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2008);.

Levin, Earl. "City Planning as Ideology and Practice," Plan Canada 51:2 (Summer 2011), 25-27.

Lindsay, John, "Planning For Equity in Disaster Recovery" " Plan Canada Vol. 51:3(2011) 18-21;.

Manzo, Lynne C. & Douglas D. Perkins, "Finding Common Ground: The Importance of Place Attachment to Community Participation and Planning," Journal of Planning Literature, 20:4 (May 2006), 335-350.

Miguelez, Alain, "Infill in Mature Neighbourhoods: New Directions in Ottawa" Plan Canada Vol. 52:3(2012) 29-31.

Monteith, Jean. "What I Have Learned," Plan Canada 51:2 (Summer 2011), 46-47.

Perloff, Harvey S. Planning the Post-Industrial City (Washington: American Planning Association, 1980), 87.

Pond, Ellen et al, "Climate Change and a Small Mountain Town: Visualizing a Rural Community's Climate Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation: City Of Kimberley, KCAP and CALP" Plan Canada Vol. 50:4(2010), 32-35.

Ramsey, Karen. "What is Sustainable Housing?" Plan Canada, 42"4 (October-December 2002), 25-26.

Raux , Charles and Martin Lee-Gosselin, "Transport, Energy and Greenhouse Gases: Perspectives on Demand Limitation," Energy Efficiency, 3:2 (2010), 111-113;.

Richardson, Gregory, Adapting to Climate Change: An Introduction for Canadian Municipalities, (Ottawa ON: Natural Resources Canada 2010).

Richardson, Gregory and Donald Lemmen "Lessons Learned from Canadian Municipal Climate Change Adaptation Case Studies" " Plan Canada Vol. 50:4(2010); 26-28.

Rocha, Elizabeth M. "A Ladder of Empowerment," Journal of Planning, Education and Research, 17(1997), 31-44.

Sandercock, Leonie "A Portrait of Postmodern Planning: Anti-Hero and/or Passionate Pilgrim," Plan Canada, 39:3 (May 1999), 12-15.

Sandercock, Leonie. "Toward a Planning Imagination for the 21st Century," Journal of the American Planning Association, 70:2 (Spring 2004), 133-141.

Schiller, Bill. "Town Plagued by Fears Over Arsenic," Toronto Star, August 26, 2001.

Seasons, Mark. "Opinion Piece," Plan Canada 50:3 (Fall 2010), 56.

Seelig, Michael & Julie. "CityPlan: Participation or Abdication?" Plan Canada, 37:2 (May 1997), 18-22.

Sewell, John. The Shape of the Suburbs: Understanding Toronto's Sprawl, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009).

Sewell, John. The Shape of the City: Toronto Struggles with Modern Planning, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993).

Shipley, Robert, "The Sinister Implications of Language: The Difference Between a Citizen and a Customer," Plan Canada, 43:1 (Spring 2003)) 28-30.

Skaburskis, Andrejs. "Gentrification and Toronto's Changing Household Characteristics and Income Distribution," Journal of Planning Education and Research, 32:2 (2012), 191-203.

Skaburskis, Andrejs & Michael B. Teitz, "Forecasts and Outcomes," Planning Theory and Practice, 4:4 (December 2003), 429-442.

Skaburskis, Andrejs and Dean Geros, "The Changing Suburb: Burnaby B.C. Revisited," Plan Canada 37:2 (March 1997), 37-45.

Stern, Eliahu Ori Gudes and Tal Svoray, "Web-based and Traditional Public Participation in Comprehensive Planning: A Comparative Study," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 36:6 (2009), 1067-1085.

Tachieva, Galina, The Sprawl Repair Manual, (Washington DC: Island Press, 2010).

Taylor, Laura "Green Sprawl" Plan Canada Vol. 52:3(2012) 16-21.

Umemoto, Karen, "Walking in Another's Shoes: Epistemological Challenges in Participatory Planning, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21 (2001), 17-31.

United Way of Greater Toronto, Poverty by Postal Code: The Geography of Neighbourhood Poverty, City of Toronto 1981-2001, (Toronto, 2004).

Vachon, Genevieve, et al, "Retrofitting Quebec City's Postwar Suburbs: The Renovation and Densification of Rental Housing Developments," Plan Canada, 46:1 (Spring 2006), 12-15.

Vale, Lawrence and Thomas Campanella, The Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster, (New York : Oxford UP, 2004).

Viswanathan, Leela, "Integrated, Equitable, and Transformative: A Hopeful Future for Planning," Plan Canada (Fall 2010), 33-35.

Walker, Ryan, Ted Jojola, and David Natcher eds., Reclaiming Indigenous Planning (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, forthcoming 2013).

Wellesley Institute, Precarious Housing in Canada 2010, Toronto, 32 available at www.wellesleyinstitute.com/publication/new-report-precarious-housing-in-canada-2010/

Wekerle, Gerda, "Gender and the Neoliberal City: Urban Restructuring, Social Exclusion and Democratic Participation", in H. Hiller (ed) Urban Sociology in Canada, (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2009) 210-233.

Williamson, Kerry. "Report Warns of 10-Year Cleanup," Calgary Herald, August 11, 2001.

Wolfe, Jeanne M. . "Canadian Housing Policy in the Nineties," Housing Studies 13:1 (1998), 121-133.

Wolsink, Maarten, "Entanglement of Interests and Motives: Assumptions Behind the MINBY-ism Theory on Facility Siting," Urban Studies, 31:6 (1994), 851-866.

World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Ground (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), 8.

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